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Personal essay didion

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PERSONAL ESSAY | amanda li - Academia edu

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Personal essay didion

old west essay An 18-Year-Old Looks Back On Life. very generation thinks it's special--my grandparents because they remember horses and didion, buggies, my parents because of the essay land art Depression. The over-30's are special because they knew the personal didion Red Scare of Korea, Chuck Berry and beatniks. My older sister is special because she belonged to the first generation of compare and contrast snowfall teen-agers (before that, people in their teens were adolescents ), when being a teen-ager was still fun. And I--I am 18, caught in the middle.

Mine is the generation of unfulfilled expectations. Essay? When you're older, my mother promised, you can wear lipstick. But when the time came, of course, lipstick wasn't being worn. When we're big, we'll dance like that, my friends and I whispered, watching Chubby Checker twist on American Bandstand. But we inherited no dance steps, ours was a limp, formless shrug to watered-down music that rarely made the feet tap. Just wait till we can vote, I said, bursting with 10-year-old fervor, ready to fast, freeze, march and die for peace and books of essays collection, freedom as Joan Baez, barefoot, sang We Shall Overcome. Well, now we can vote, and we're old enough to attend rallies and knock on doors and essay didion, wave placards, and suddenly it doesn't seem to matter any more. My generation is special because of what we missed rather than what we got, because in a certain sense we are the first and essay contest for 7th graders, the last. The first to take technology for granted. (What was a space shot to us, except an hour cut from didion Social Studies to proposal, gather before a TV in the gym as Cape Canaveral counted down?) The first to personal essay didion, grow up with TV. My sister was 8 when we got our set, so to her it seemed magic and always somewhat foreign.

She had known books already and would never really replace them. But for qualifying paper, me, the TV set was, like the kitchen sink and the telephone, a fact of life. We inherited a previous generation's hand-me-downs and took in the seams, turned up the hems, to make our new fashions. We took drugs from the college kids and made them a high-school commonplace. Personal Didion? We got the essay Beatles, but not those lovable look-alikes in matching suits with barber cuts and songs that made you want to cry. They came to us like a bad joke--aged, bearded, discordant. And we inherited the Vietnam war just after the didion crest of the wave--too late to burn draft cards and too early not to be drafted. Books Of Essays Collection? The boys of 1953--my year--will be the last to go. So where are we now?

Generalizing is dangerous. Call us the apathetic generation and we will become that. Personal Essay? Say times are changing, nobody cares about how do i write an essay proposal prom queens and getting into the college of his choice any more--say that (because it sounds good, it indicates a trend, gives a symmetry to personal essay didion, history) and compare and contrast snowfall, you make a movement and a unit out of a generation unified only in its common fragmentation. If there is a reason why we are where we are, it comes from where we have been. Like overanxious patients in analysis, we treasure the traumas of our childhood. Ours was more traumatic than most. The Kennedy assassination has become our myth: Talk to us for personal essay didion, an evening or two--about movies or summer jobs or Nixon's trip to research paper, China or the weather--and the subject will come up (Where were you when you heard?), as if having lived through Jackie and the red roses, John-John's salute and essay didion, Oswald's on- camera murder justifies our disenchantment.

We haven't all emerged the how do i write proposal same, of course, because our lives were lived in high-school corridors and drive-in hamburger joints as well as in the pages of Time and essay, Life, and the images on the TV screen. National events and personal memory blur so that, for me, Nov. Of Essays? 22, 1963, was a birthday party that had to be called off and essay, Armstrong's moonwalk was my first full can of beer. If you want to know who we are now; if you wonder how we'll vote, or whether we will, or whether, 10 years from now, we'll end up just like all those other generations that thought they were special--with 2.2 kids and a house in essay land art Connecticut--if that's what you're wondering, look to the past because, whether we should blame it or not, we do. I didn't know till years later that they called it the Cuban Missile Crisis. But I remember Castro. (We called him Castor Oil and personal, were awed by his beard--beards were rare in those days.) We might not have worried so much (what would the Communists want with our small New Hampshire town?) except that we lived 10 miles from an air base. Planes buzzed around us like mosquitoes that summer.

People talked about fallout shelters in their basements and one family on our street packed their car to go to the mountains. Essay Land Art? I couldn't understand that. Personal Essay? If everybody was going to die, I certainly didn't want to stick around, with my hair falling out and--later--a plague of thalidomide-type babies. I wanted to go quickly, with my family. Dying didn't bother me so much--I'd never known anyone who died, and death was unreal, fascinating. (I wanted Doctor Kildare to have more terminal cancer patients and fewer love affairs.) What bothered me was the qualitative research business of immortality. Sometimes, the growing-up sort of concepts germinate slowly, but the full impact of essay death hit me like a bomb, in the night. Not only would my body be gone--that I could take--but I would cease to think. That I would no longer be a participant I had realized before; now I saw that I wouldn't even be an observer. Vs Quantitative Research? What especially alarmed me about The Bomb (always singular like, a few years later, The Pill) was the personal didion possibility of total obliteration. All traces of me would be destroyed.

There would be no grave and, if there were, no one left to visit it. Newly philosophical, I pondered the universe. If the research essays earth was in the solar system and the solar system was in the galaxy and the galaxy was in the universe, what was the universe in? And if the sun was just a dot--the head of a pin--what was I? We visited a planetarium that year, in third grade, and saw a dramatization of the sun exploding. Somehow the image of that orange ball zooming toward us merged with my image of The Bomb. Personal Essay? The effect was devastating, and for the first time in qualifying paper my life--except for didion, Easter Sundays, when I wished I went to church so I could have a fancy new dress like my Catholic and Protestant friends--I longed for religion. I was 8 when Joan Baez entered our lives, with long, black, beatnik hair and a dress made out of a burlap bag. When we got her first record (we called her Joan Baze then- -soon she was simply Joan) we listened all day, to All My Trials and qualifying, Silver Dagger and Wildwood Flower. My sister grew her hair and started wearing sandals, making pilgrimages to Harvard Square. I took up the guitar. We loved her voice and her songs but, even more, we loved the idea of Joan, like the didion 15th-century Girl of qualifying research paper Orleans, burning at society's stake, marching along or singing, solitary, in a prison cell to protest segregation.

She was the champion of nonconformity and so--like thousands of personal didion others-- we joined the how do masses of essay her fans. I knew she must but somehow I could never imagine Jackie Kennedy going to essay for 7th graders, the bathroom. She was too cool and poised and perfect. Personal Essay Didion? We had a book about her, filled with color pictures of Jackie painting, in a spotless yellow linen dress, Jackie on the beach with Caroline and John-John, Jackie riding elephants in India and research, Jackie, in didion a long white gown, greeting Khrushchev like Snow White welcoming one of the seven dwarfs. (No, I wasn't betraying Joan in my adoration. Joan was beautiful but human like us; Jackie was magic.) When, years later, she married Rumpelstiltskin, I felt like a child discovering, in his father's drawer, the Santa Claus suit. And, later still, reading some Ladies' Home Journal expos (Jacqueline Onassis's secretary tells all. . .) I felt almost sick. After the first few pages I put the magazine down.

I wasn't interested in the fragments, only in contest the fact that the glass had broken. They told us constantly that Oyster River Elementary School was one of the best in the state, but the state was New Hampshire, and that was like calling a mound of earth a peak because it rose up from the Sahara Desert. Essay? One fact of New Hampshire politics I learned early: We had no broad-based tax. Research? No sales or income tax, because the anti-Federalist farmers and the shoe-factory workers who feared the essay didion Reds and creeping Socialism acquired their political philosophy from William Loeb's Manchester Union Leader. We in Durham, where the and contrast snowfall to rainfall state university stands, were a specially hated target, a pocked of liberals filling the minds of essay didion New Hampshire's young with high-falutin, intellectual garbage. And that was why the archaic New Hampshire Legislature always cut the university budget in half, and why my family had only one car, second-hand (my father taught English at the university).

And The Union leader was the reason, finally, why any man who wanted to essay for 7th graders, be elected Governor had better pledge himself against the sales tax, so schools were supported by local property taxes and the sweepstakes, which meant that they weren't supported very well. So Oyster River was not a very good school. But in all the bleakness--the annual memorizing of Kilmer's Trees, the punishment administered by banging guilty heads on hard oak desks--we had one fine, fancy new gimmick that followed us from fourth grade through eighth. It was a white cardboard box of personal essay didion folders, condensed two-page stories about dinosaurs and earthquakes and Seeing- Eye dogs, with questions at an essay proposal, the end. The folders were called Power Builders and they were leveled according to color--red, blue, yellow, orange, brown--all the essay didion way up to the dreamed-for, cheated-for purple. Power Builders came with their own answer keys, the idea being that you moved at your own rate and--we heard it a hundred times--that when you cheated, you only compare snowfall, cheated yourself. The whole program was called SRA and there were a dozen other abbreviations, TTUM, FSU, PDQ--all having to do with formulas that had reduced reading to a science.

We had Listening Skill Builders, too--more reader-digested minimodules of information, read aloud to us while we sat, poised stiffly in personal essay didion our chairs, trying frantically to remember the five steps (SRQPT? VWCNB? XUSLIN?) to and contrast essay snowfall to rainfall, Better Listening Comprehension. A Listening Skill Test would come later, to catch the mental wanderers, the doodler, the essay deaf. I--and most of the vs quantitative research essays others in the Purple group--solved the problem by tucking an answer key into my Power Builder and writing down the answers (making an occasional error for personal essay didion, credibility) without reading the story or the research paper questions. By sixth grade, a whole group of didion us had been promoted to books, a special reading group and didion, sent to an independent study- conference unit (nothing was a room any more) where we copied answer keys, five at a time, and collection, then told dirty jokes. SRA took over reading the way New Math took over essay, arithmetic. By seventh grade, there was a special Development Reading class. And Contrast Essay? (Mental reading, we called it.) The classroom was filled with audio-visual aids, phonetics charts, reading laboratories. Once a week, the teacher plugged in the speed-reading machine that projected a story on the board, one phrase at a time, faster and faster.

Get a piece of dust in your eye--blink--and you were lost. There were no books in personal essay the Developmental Reading room--the lab. Even in English class we escaped books easily. Research? The project of the year was to portray a famous author (one of the 100 greatest of all time). I was Louisa May Alcott, and my best friend was Robert McCloskey, the man who wrote Make Way for Ducklings. For this we put on skits, cut out pictures from magazines and, at the end of the year, dressed up. (I wore a long nightgown with my hair in a bun and got A-plus; my friend came as a duck.) I have never read a book by Louisa May Alcott. I don't think I read a book all that year.

All through high school, in personal essay fact, I read little except for magazines. Though I've started reading seriously now, in essay for 7th college, I still find myself drawn in bookstores to the bright covers and shiny, power-builder look. My eyes have been trained to skip non-essentials (adjectives, adverbs) and dart straight to the meaty phrases. (TVPQM.) But--perhaps in defiance of essay didion that whirring black rate-builder projector--it takes me three hours to read 100 pages. If I had spent at the piano the hours I gave to television, on essay graders all those afternoons when I came home from school, I would be an accomplished pianist now. Or if I'd danced, or read, or painted. Personal Essay Didion? . Essay Land Art? . . But I turned on the set instead, every day, almost, every year, and sank into an old green easy chair, smothered in quilts, with a bag of Fritos beside me and a glass of didion milk to wash them down, facing life and death with Dr. Qualifying Research? Kildare, laughing at Danny Thomas, whispering the answers--out loud sometimes--with Password and To Tell the Truth. Looking back over all those afternoons, I try to convince myself they weren't wasted. I must have learned something; I must, at least, have changed.

What I learned was certainly not what TV tried to teach me. From the reams of trivia collected over years of quiz shows, I remember only the questions, never the answers. I loved Leave It to Beaver for the messes Beaver got into, not for the inevitable lecture from Dad at the end of each show. I saw every episode two or three times, witnessed Beaver's aging, his legs getting longer and his voice lower, only to start all over again with young Beaver every fall. Personal Essay? (Someone told me recently that the boy who played Beaver Cleaver died in Vietnam. Essay Land Art? The news was a shock--I kept coming back to personal essay, it for days until another distressed Beaver fan wrote to tell me that it wasn't true after all.) I got so I could predict punch lines and endings, not really knowing whether I'd seen the essay land art episode before or only watched one like it. There was the bowling-ball routine, for instance: Lucy, Dobie Gillis, Pete and Gladys--they all used it. Somebody would get his finger stuck in a bowling ball (Lucy later updated the gimmick using Liz Taylor's ring) and then they'd have to go to a wedding or give a speech at the P.T.A. or have the boss to dinner, concealing one hand all the while.

We weren't supposed to ask questions like Why don't they just tell the truth? These shows were built on deviousness, on the longest distance between two points, and on a kind of personal essay symmetry which decrees that no loose ends shall be left untied, no lingering doubts allowed. Qualitative Essays? (The Surgeon General is off the track in essay didion worrying about TV violence, I think. I grew up in the days before lawmen became peacemakers. What carries over is not the gunfights but the memory that everything always turned out all right.) Optimism shone through all those half hours I spent in the dark shadows of the TV room--out of essay land art evil shall come good. Most of personal didion all, the situation comedies steeped me in American culture. I emerged from years of books of essays collection TV viewing indifferent to the museums of France, the architecture of Italy, the literature of England. A perversely homebound American, I pick up paperbacks in bookstores, checking before I buy to see if the personal characters have foreign names, whether the action takes place in essays London or New York. Vulgarity and personal essay didion, banality fascinate me. More intellectual friends (who watch no TV) can't understand what I see in essay land art My Three Sons. Personal Essay Didion? Nothing happens, they say.

The characters are dull, plastic, faceless. Every show is the same. I guess that's why I watch them--boring repetition is, itself, a rhythm- -a steady pulse of flashing Coca-Cola signs, McDonald's Golden Arches and Howard Johnson roofs. I don't watch TV as an anthropologist, rising loftily above my subject to analyze. Neither do I watch, as some kids now tune in to reruns of The Lone Ranger and Superman (in the same spirit they enjoy comic books and pop art) for their camp. I Write An Essay? I watch in earnest. How can I do anything else?

Five thousand hours of essay didion my life have gone into this box. There were almost no blacks in our school. There were Negroes then; the paper word black was hard to say at first. Didion? Negro got hard to say for a while too, so I said nothing at all and was embarrassed. If you had asked me, at 9, to describe Cassius Clay, I would have taken great, liberal pains to essay land art, be color-blind, mentioning height, build, eye color and shoe size, disregarding skin. I knew black people only from newspapers and the TV screen--picket lines, National Guardsmen at essay didion, the doors of schools. (There were few black actors on TV then, except for Jack Benny's Rochester.) It was easy, in 1963, to embrace the Negro cause. Later, faced with cold stares from an all-black table in the cafeteria or heckled by a Panther selling newspapers, I first became aware of the fact that maybe the little old lady didn't want to be helped across the street. My visions of black-and-white-together look to me now like shots from To Sir With Love. How Do An Essay? If a black is friendly to me, I wonder, as other blacks might, if he's a sellout.

I had no desire to scream or cry or throw jelly beans when I first saw the Beatles on the Ed Sullivan Show. Didion? An eighth-grader would have been old enough to revert to childhood, but I was too young to act anything but old. An Essay? So mostly we laughed at them. Didion? We were in fifth grade, the year of essay contest for 7th rationality, the calm before the storm. Personal Didion? We still screamed when the boys came near us (which they rarely did) and said they had cooties. Barbie dolls tempted us.

That was the year when I got my first Barbie. Perhaps they were produced earlier, but they didn't reach New Hampshire till late that fall, and vs quantitative research, the stores were always sold out. So at the close of personal essay didion our doll-playing careers there was a sudden dramatic switch from lumpy, round-bellied Betsy Wetsys and essay land art, stiff-legged little-girl dolls to slim, curvy Barbie, just 11 inches tall, with a huge, expensive wardrobe that included a filmy black negligee and didion, a mouth that made her look as if she'd just swallowed a lemon. Barbie wasn't just a toy, but a way of living that moved us suddenly from tea parties to vs quantitative research essays, dates with Ken at the Soda Shoppe. Our short careers with Barbie, before junior high sent her to the attic, built up our expectations for teen-age life before we had developed the didion sophistication to go along with them. Qualifying? Children today are accustomed to essay, having a tantalizing youth culture all around them. (They play with Barbie in books of essays the nursery school.) For us, it broke like a cloudburst, without preparation. Essay Didion? Caught in the deluge, we were torn--wanting to run for shelter but tempted, also, to sing in the rain.

To me, a 10-year-old sixth-grader in 1964, the Goldwater-Johnson election year was a drama, a six-month basketball playoff game, more action-packed than movies or TV. For all the wrong reasons I loved politics and plunged into the campaign fight. Shivering in the October winds outside a supermarket (Hello, would you like some L.B.J. matches?), Youth for collection, Johnson tried hard to believe in the man with the essay 10-gallon hat. Qualifying Research? We were eager for a hero (we'd lost ours just 11 months before) and willing to personal, trust. Government deceit was not yet taken for granted--maybe because we were more nave but also because the country was. Books Of Essays? Later, the war that never ended and the C.I.A. and the Pentagon Papers and I.T.T. Personal? would shake us, but in those days, when a man said, My fellow Americans. . Essay Contest For 7th? ., we listened. At school, I was a flaming liberal, holding lunchroom debates and setting up a 10-year- old's dichotomies: If you were for Johnson, you were for personal essay didion, the Negroes, if you were for qualitative research essays, Goldwater, you were against didion them.

Equally earnest Republicans would expound the domino theory and books collection, I would waver in spite of myself (what they said sounded logical), knowing there was a fallacy somewhere but saying only, If my father was here, he'd explain it. . Personal Didion? . I Write? . A friend and I set up a campaign headquarters at school, under a huge All the Way With L.B.J. sign. (The tough kids snickered at that--all the way was reserved for the behavior of fast girls in the janitor's closet at dances.) The pleasure we got from our L.B.J. headquarters and its neat stacks of buttons and essay didion, pamphlets was much the same as the pleasure I got, five years later, manning the Support your Junior Prom bake-sale table in the lobby at school. I liked playing store, no matter what the goods. And I believed, then, in contest for 7th graders the power of dissent and personal, the possibility for change. I wrote protest songs filled with bloody babies and for 7th graders, starving Negroes, to the tune of America the Beautiful. I marched through the streets of town, a tall candle flickering in my hand, surrounded by essay college kids with love beads and compare and contrast essay to rainfall, placards (what they said seems mild and polite now). I remember it was all so beautiful I cried, but when I try to recapture the essay didion feeling, nothing comes. Like a sharp pain or the taste of peach ice cream on a hot July day, the sensation lasts only contest for 7th, as long as the didion stimulus.

Ask us whose face is on the $5 bill and we may not know the answer. But nearly everyone my age remembers a cover of Life magazine that came out in the spring of 1965, part of a series of photographs that enter my dreams and my nightmares still. They were the first shots ever taken of an unborn fetus, curled up tightly in compare a sack of veins and personal essay didion, membranes, with blue fingernails and almost transparent skin that made the books pictures look like double exposures. Didion? More than the books collection moon photographs a few years later, that grotesque figure fascinated me as the map of personal a new territory. It was often that way with photographs in books of essays collection Life--the issue that reported on personal essay didion the In Cold Blood murders; a single picture of a boy falling from an airplane and another of a woman who had lost 200 pounds. (I remember the faces of victims and killers from seven or eight years ago, while the qualifying endless issues on Rome and nature studies are entirely lost.) Photographs are the illustrations for a decade of experiences. Just as, when we think of Alice in Wonderland, we all see Tenniel's drawings, and when we think of the Cowardly Lion, we all see Bert Lahr, so, when we think of Lyndon Johnson's airborn swearing-in as President in 1963, we have a common image furnished by magazines, and when we think of fetuses, now, those cabbages we were supposed to have come from and smiling, golden-haired cherubs have been replaced forever by the cover of Life. Having had so many pictures to grow up with, we share a common visual idiom and have far less room for personal vision. The movie versions of books decide for personal, us what our heroes and villains will look like, and we are powerless to change the camera's decree. So, while I was stunned and fascinated by essay land art that eerie fetus (where is he now, I wonder, and are those pictures in his family album?) I'm saddened too, knowing what it did to didion, me.

If I were asked to pinpoint major moments in my growing up, experiences that changed me, the for 7th graders sight of essay that photograph would be one. Eighth grade was groovy. When I think of 1966, I see pink and orange stripes and wild purple paisleys and black and essay land art, white vibrating to make the head ache. We were too young for personal essay, drugs (they hadn't reached the junior high yet) but we didn't need them. Our world was psychedelic, our clothes and our make-up and our jewelry and our hair styles were trips in themselves. It was the year of the gimmick, and vs quantitative essays, what mattered was being noticed, which meant being wild and mod and having the shortest skirt and the whitest Yardley Slicker lips and the dangliest earrings. (We all pierced our ears that year. Personal? You can tell the girls of 1966--they're the ones with not-quite-healed-over holes in their ears.)

I've kept my Seventeen magazines from junior high: vinyl skirts, paper dresses, Op and qualifying, Pop, Sassoon haircuts, Patty Duke curls and body painting. My own clothes that year would have glowed in personal essay didion the dark. And Contrast To Rainfall? I remember one, a poor-boy top and mod Carnaby Street hat, a silver microskirt and purple stockings. (Pantyhose hadn't been invented yet; among our other distinctions, call us the essay last generation to wear garter belts. I recall an agonizing seventh-period math class in which, 10 minutes before the bell rang, my front and back garters came simultaneously undone.) It was as if we'd just discovered color, and all the shiny, sterile things machines made possible for us. Of Essays Collection? Now we cultivate the natural, home-made look, with earthy colors and frayed, lumpy macram sashes that no one would mistake for store-bought. But back then we tried to look like spacemen, distorting natural forms. Nature wasn't a vanishing treasure to us yet--it was a barrier to be overcome. Personal Essay Didion? The highest compliment, the ultimate adjective was unreal . I can understand the Jesus freaks turning, dope-muddled, to a life of of essays self-denial and asceticism. The excesses of personal eighth-grade psychedelia left me feeling the research essays same way and I turned, in 1967, to God.

To the church, at least, anxious to wash away the bad aftertaste of didion too many Cokes and too much eye shadow. Contest For 7th? The church I chose, the only one conceivable for a confirmed atheist, wasn't really a church at all, but a dark gray building that housed the Unitarian Fellowship. They were an earnest, liberal-minded, socially- conscious congregation numbering 35 or 40. If I had been looking for personal essay, spirituality, I knocked at the wrong door; the Unitarians were rationalists--scientists, mostly, whose programs would be slide shows of plant life in qualitative research North Africa or discussions of migratory labor problems. We believed in our fellow man. We tried Bible-reading in my Liberal Religious Youth group, sitting on orange crates in a circle of four but in that mildewed attic room, the didion Old Testament held no power. We gave up on Genesis and rapped, instead, with a casual college student who started class saying, Man, do I have a hangover. We tried singing: one soprano, two tenors and a tone-deaf alto, draped in shabby black robes designed for taller worshipers.

After a couple of weeks of singing we switched, wisely, to what Unitarians do best, to compare and contrast essay snowfall, the subjects suited to orange crates. Essay Didion? We found a cause. We discovered the Welfare Mothers of America--one Welfare Mother in particular. She was an angry, militant mother of eight (no husband in the picture) who wanted to go to collection, the national conference in Tennessee and needed someone to personal didion, foot the how do an essay bill. Personal? I don't know who told us about essay graders Mrs. Mahoney, or her about us. In one excited Sunday meeting, anyway, the four of us voted to essay didion, pay her way and, never having earned $4 without spending it, never having met Peg Mahoney, we called the state office of the Unitarian Church and arranged for a $200 loan. Then we made lists, allocated jobs, formed committees (as well as committees can be formed, with an active membership of four and a half dozen others who preferred to sleep in on Sundays). We would hold a spaghetti supper, all proceeds to go to the Mahoney fund. We never heard what happened at contest graders, the welfare conference--in fact, we never heard from our welfare mother again.

She disappeared, with the red-plaid suitcase I lent her for personal didion, the journey and research, the new hat we saw her off in. Our $200 debt lingered on through not one but three spaghetti suppers, during which I discovered that there's more to Italian-style, fundraising dinners than red-and-white-checked tablecloths and Segovia records. Every supper began with five or six helpers; as more and personal didion, more customers arrived, though, fewer and fewer L.R.Y.-ers stayed on to help. Compare And Contrast Snowfall To Rainfall? By 10 o'clock, when the last walnut-sized meatball had been cooked and the last pot of spaghetti drained, there would be two of us left in personal didion our tomato-spotted aprons, while all around, religious youth high on essay land art red wine sprawled and hiccuped on the kitchen floor, staggering nervously to the door, every few minutes, to make sure their parents weren't around. I never again felt the essay didion same about group activity--united we stand, and that wonderful feeling I used to get at Pete Seeger concerts, singing This Land is Your Land--that if we worked together, nothing was impossible. After the debt was paid I left L.R.Y., which had just discovered sensitivity training. Now the group held weekly, nonverbal communication sessions, with lots of hugging and feeling that boosted attendance to triple what it had been in our old save-the-world days. It seemed that everybody's favorite topic was himself. Marijuana and snowfall, the class of personal '71 moved through high school together. Compare And Contrast Snowfall To Rainfall? When we came in, as freshmen, drugs were still strange and new; marijuana was smoked only by a few marginal figures while those in the mainstream guzzled beer.

It was called pot then--the words grass and dope came later; hash and acid and pills were almost unheard of. By my sophomore year, lots of the seniors and even a few younger kids were trying it. By the time I was a junior--in 1969--grass was no longer reserved for the hippies; basketball players and cheerleaders and didion, boys with crew-cuts and boys in black-leather jackets all smoked. And with senior year--maybe because of the nostalgia craze--there was an odd liquor revival. In my last month of school, a major bust led to the suspension of compare and contrast essay half a dozen boys. They were high on personal didion beer.

Now people are saying that the drug era is winding down. (It's those statisticians with their graphs again, charting social phenomena like the rise and fall of hemlines.) I doubt if it's real, this abandonment of marijuana. But the frenzy is books of essays collection gone, certainly, the excitement and the fear of getting caught and essay didion, the worry of where to get good stuff. What's happened to dope is what happens to a new record: you play it constantly, full volume, at first. Then, as you get to know the songs, you play them less often, not because you're tired of research essays them exactly, but just because you know them. They're with you always, but quietly, in your head. My position was a difficult one, all through those four years when grass took root in Oyster River High.

I was on the side of personal essay didion all those things that went along with smoking dope--the clothes, the music, the books, the candidates. Books Of Essays? More and more of my friends smoked, and many people weren't completely my friends, I think, because I didn't. Drugs took on personal essay a disproportionate importance. Why was it I could spend half a dozen evenings with someone without his ever asking me what I thought of qualifying research Beethoven or Picasso but always, in the first half hour, he'd ask whether I smoked? It became--like hair length and didion, record collection--a symbol for who you were, and you couldn't be all the other things--progressive and creative and free-thinking--without taking that crumpled roll of dry, brown vegetation and holding it to your lips. You are what you eat--or what you smoke, or what you don't smoke. And when you say like-- you know, you're speaking the how do code, and suddenly the music of the Grateful Dead and the poetry of Bob Dylan and essay didion, the general brilliance of Ken Kesey all belong to you as if, in those three fuzzy, mumbled words, you'd created art yourself and qualifying paper, uttered the personal essay didion wisdom of the universe. In my junior year I had English and algebra and French and art and graders, history, but what I really had was fun. It was a year when I didn't give a thought to welfare mothers or war or peace or brotherhood; the essay big questions in my life were whether to cut my hair and what the essay for 7th theme of the Junior Prom should be. (I left my hair long. Personal Didion? We decided on a castle.) Looking back on a year of sitting around just talking and and contrast snowfall to rainfall, drinking beer and driving around drinking beer and dancing and drinking beer and essay, just drinking beer, I can say, Ah yes, the post-Woodstock disenchantment; the post-Chicago, postelection apathy; the rootlessness of a generation whose leaders had all been killed. . . . But if that's what it was, we certainly didn't know it. Our lives were dominated by parties and pranks and vs quantitative research essays, dances and soccer games. (We won the personal state championship that year.

Riding home in a streamer-trailing yellow bus, cheering We're Number One, it never occurred to us that so were 49 other schools in 49 other states.) It was a time straight out of the compare snowfall goldfish-swallowing thirties, with a difference. We knew just enough to feel guilty, like trick-or-treaters nervously passing a ghost with a UNICEF box in his hand. We didn't feel bad enough not to build a 20-foot cardboard-and-crepe-paper castle, but we knew enough to personal essay didion, realize, as we ripped it down the next morning, Grecian curls unwinding limply down our backs, that silver-painted cardboard and essay land art, tissue-paper carnations weren't biodegradable. I had never taken Women's Liberation very seriously. Partly it was the looks of the movement that bothered me. I believed in all the right things, but just as my social conscience evaporated at the prospect of roughing it in some tiny village with the Peace Corps, so my feminist notions disappeared at the thought of giving up eye liner (just when I'd discovered it). Media-vulnerable, I wanted to be on the side of the beautiful, graceful people, and Women's Libbers seemed--except for Gloria Steinem, who was just emerging--plain and graceless. Women's Lib was still new and foreign, suggesting--to kids at an age of still-undefined sexuality--things like lesbianism and bisexuality. (We hadn't mastered one --how could we cope with the possibility of two?) Besides, male chauvinism had no reality for me. In my family--two girls and essay didion, two girl- loving parents--females occupied a privileged position.

My mother and sister and I had no trouble getting equal status in our household. At school, too, girls seemed never to be discriminated against. (I wonder if I'd see things differently, going back there now.) Our class was run mostly by girls. The boys played soccer and sometimes held office on the student council--amiable figureheads--but it was the girls whose names filled the honor roll and the girls who ran class meetings. While I would never be Homecoming Sweetheart--I knew that--I had power in the school. Then suddenly everything changed. A nearby boys' prep school announced that it would admit girls as day students. So at 17, in my senior year, I left Oyster River High for research paper, Phillips Exeter Academy. The new world wasn't quite as I'd imagined. Exeter was a boys' school (Huc venite pueri, ut viri sitis) in essay which girls were an afterthought. We were so few that, to many, we appeared unapproachable.

Like the Exeter blacks, the Exeter girls moved in a gang across the campus, ate together at all-girl tables and fled, after classes, to the isolated study areas allotted to qualifying research paper, them. Didion? The flight of the for 7th girls angered me; I felt newly militant, determined not to be intimidated by all those suits and ties and all the ivy- covered education. Didion? I wasn't just me anymore, but a symbol of my sex who had to books of essays, prove, to 800 boys used to weekend girls at essay didion, mixers, that I could hold my own. I found myself the only girl in every class--turned to, occasionally, by essay graders a faculty member accustomed to essay, man-talk, and how do i write an essay proposal, asked to give the personal essay female point of view. It makes one suspicious, paranoid.

Why was I never asked to give the Scorpio's viewpoint, the compare and contrast essay to rainfall myopic's, the half-Jewish, right-handed, New Hampshire resident's? Was being female my most significant feature? The subject of essay coeducation gets boring after a while. I wanted to talk about of essays collection a book I'd read (having just discovered that reading could be fun) or a play I was in--and then somebody would ask the personal inevitable, What's it like to be a girl at Exeter? I became a compulsive overachiever, joining clubs and i write an essay proposal, falling asleep at the typewriter in the hope of essay didion battering down doors I was used to having open, at my old school, where they knew me. Here someone else was the newspaper editor, the yearbook boss, the actor, the writer. I was the girl. All of first semester I approached school like a warrior on the offensive, a self-proclaimed outsider. And Contrast? Then, in the cease-fire over Christmas, I went to a hometown New Year's Eve party with the people I'd been romanticizing all that fall when I was surrounded by lawyers' sons. Personal Didion? The conversation back home was of soccer games I hadn't been to and a graduation I wouldn't be marching in. The school had gone on without me; I was a preppie.

Something strange got into the boys at Exeter that year as if, along with the legendary saltpeter, something like lust for the country was being sprinkled into the nightly mashed potatoes. It wasn't just the overalls (with a tie on books of essays top to personal essay, meet the dress code) or the country music that came humming out of every dorm. Exonians--Jonathan Jrs. And Carter 3d's, Latin scholars and mathematicians with 800's on their college boards--were suddenly announcing to the college placement counselor that no, they didn't want a Harvard interview, not now or ever. Hampshire, maybe, (that's the place where you can go and study Eastern religion or dulcimer-making). Compare Essay? But many weren't applying any place--they were going to study weaving in Norway, to be shepherds in personal essay the Alps, deckhands on a fishing boat or--most often--farmers. Collection? After the first ecological fury died down, after Ehrlich's Population Bomb exploded, that's what we were left with. Prep school boys felt it more than most, perhaps, because they, more than most, had worked their minds at the expense of their hands. And now, their heads full of theorems and declensions, they wanted to get back to the basics--to the simple, honest, uncluttered life where manure was cow s___, not bovine waste.

Exeter's return to essay didion, the soil took the form of the farm project, a group of boys who got together, sold a few stocks, bought a red pick-up truck and proposed, for a spring project, that they work a plot of books school-owned land a few miles out of town. The country kids I went to essay, Oyster River with, grown up now and working in the shoe factory or married-- they would have been amused at the farming fairy tale. Qualifying Research? In March, before the ice thawed, the harvest was already being planned. The faculty objected and the project died, and most--not all--went on to college in the fall. (They talk now, from a safe distance, about the irrelevance of Spenser and essay, the smell of paper country soil and fresh-cut hay.) A friend who really did go on to farming came to visit me at school this fall. He looked out of place in the dorm; he put his boots up on my desk and personal essay, then remembered he had cow dung on of essays the soles.

He laughed when I reminded him about the personal didion farm project. It's best they never really tried, I think. Research? That way, in 10 years, when they're brokers, they'll still have the essay dream: tomatoes big as pumpkins, pumpkins as big as suns and corn that's never known the touch of blight. Gene McCarthy must have encountered blizzards in vs quantitative research essays 1968, and mill towns like Berlin, N.H.--where I went to campaign for essay, George McGovern last February--must have smelled just as bad as they do now. But back in '68 those things made the fight even more rewarding, because in suffering for your candidate and your dreams, you are demonstrating love. But now, in 1972, there's nothing fun about research air so smelly you buy perfume to hold under your nose, or snow falling so thick you can't make out the words on the Yorty billboard right in front of you. No one feels moved to build snowmen. Campaigning in New Hampshire was work. Magazines and newspapers blame the absence of youth excitement on personal essay didion McGovern and essay land art, say he lacks charisma--he isn't a poet and his bumper stickers aren't daisy shaped. But I think the difference in essay didion 1972 lies in research essays the canvassers; this year's crusaders seem joyless, humorless. A high-school junior stuffing envelopes at campaign headquarters told me that when she was young--what is she now?- -she was a Socialist.

Another group of students left, after an hour of knocking on doors, to go snowmobiling. Somebody else, getting on the bus for home, said, This makes the fifth weekend I've worked for the campaign, and I was suddenly struck by essay the fact that we'd all been compiling similar figures--how many miles we'd walked, how many houses we'd visited. Qualifying Paper? In 1968 we believed, and so we shivered; in personal essay 1972, we shivered so that we might believe. Our candidate this year is an essay no less believable, but our idealism has soured and our motives have gotten less noble. We went to Berlin--many of us--so we could say I canvassed in didion New Hampshire, the of essays way high-school kids join clubs so they can write I'm a member of the Latin Club on their college applications.

The students for McGovern whom I worked with were engaged in a business deal, trading frost-bitten fingers for guilt-free consciences; 1968's dreams and abstractions just don't hold up on a bill of sale. The freshman women's dorm at Yale has no house mother. We have no check-in hours or drinking rules or punishments for having boys in our rooms past midnight. A guard sits by the door to offer, as they assured us at the beginning of the year, physical--not moral--protection. Essay Didion? All of which makes it easy for many girls who feel, after high-school curfews and qualitative vs quantitative essays, dating regulations, suddenly liberated. Essay Didion? (The first week of i write proposal school last fall, many girls stayed out all night, every night, displaying next morning the circles under their eyes the way some girls show off engagement rings.) We all received the Sex at Yale book, a thick, black pamphlet filled with charts and diagrams and a lengthy discussion of contraceptive methods. And at the first women's assembly, the discussion moved quickly from course-signing-up procedures to didion, gynecology, where it stayed for much of the collection evening. Somebody raised her hand to ask where she could fill her pill prescription, someone else wanted to know about abortions. There was no standing in the middle any more--you had to either take out personal essay, a pen and research essays, paper and write down the phone numbers they gave out or stare stonily ahead, implying that those were numbers you certainly wouldn't be needing.

From then on it seemed the line had been drawn. But of course the problem is personal essay didion that no lines, no barriers, exist. Of Essays Collection? Where, five years ago a girl's decisions were made for her (she had to personal, be in at 12 and, if she was found--in--with her boyfriend. . .); today the decision rests with her alone. She is surrounded by knowledgeable, sexually experienced girls and if she isn't willing to sleep with her boyfriend, somebody else will. It's peer-group pressure, 1972 style--the embarrassment of virginity. Everyone is raised on nursery rhymes and how do an essay, nonsense stories. But it used to be that when you grew up, the personal didion nonsense disappeared. Not for us--it is at the core of our music and literature and art and, in fact, of our lives.

Like characters in an Ionnesco play, we take absurdity unblinking. In a world where military officials tell us We had to destroy the village in order to save it, Dylan lyrics make an qualitative research, odd kind of sense. They aren't meant to be understood; they don't jar our sensibilities because we're used to non sequiturs. We don't take anything too seriously these days. (Was it a thousand earthquake victims or a million? Does it matter?) The casual butcher's-operation in the film M*A*S*H and the comedy in didion Vonnegut and essay land art, the album cover showing John and Yoko, bareback, are all part of the new absurdity. The days of the essay Little Moron joke and the elephant joke and the knock-knock joke are gone. It sounds melodramatic, but the joke these days is life.

You're not supposed to care too much any more. Essay Land Art? Reactions have been scaled down from screaming and jelly-bean-throwing to nodding your head and maybe--if the music really gets to personal essay didion, you (and music's the only thing that does any more)--tapping a finger. We need a passion transfusion, a shot of energy in the veins. It's what I'm most impatient with, in my generation--this languid, I-don't-give-a-s____-ism that stems in part, at least, from a culture of put-ons in which any serious expression of how do i write an essay proposal emotion is essay didion branded sentimental and old-fashioned. The fact that we set such a premium on research essays being cool reveals a lot about my generation; the idea is not to care. You can hear it in the speech of college students today: cultivated monotones, low volume, punctuated with four-letter words that come off sounding only bland. I feel it most of all on Saturday morning, when the essay didion sun is shining and the crocuses are about to bloom and, walking through the corridors of my dorm, I see there isn't anyone awake.

I'm basically an qualifying paper, optimist. Somehow, no matter what the personal didion latest population figures say, I feel everything will work out--just like on TV. I may doubt man's fundamental goodness, but I believe in his power to survive. I say, sometimes, that I wonder if we'll be around in books of essays 30 years, but then I forget myself and speak of when I'm 50. . . . Death has touched me now--from Vietnam and Biafra and a car accident that makes me buckle my seat belt--but like negative numbers and didion, the sound of a dog whistle (too high-pitched for vs quantitative essays, human ears), it's not a concept I can comprehend. I feel immortal while all the signs around me proclaim that I'm not. We feel cheated, many of us--the crop of 1953--which is why we complain about inheriting problems we didn't cause. (Childhood notions of justice, reinforced by personal essay Perry Mason, linger on. Why should I clean up someone else's mess? Who can I blame?) We're excited also, of course: I can't wait to see how things turn out. But I wish I weren't quite so involved, I wish it weren't my life that's being turned into a suspense thriller.

When my friends and I were little, we had big plans. I would be a famous actress and essay land art, singer, dancing on the side. I would paint my own sets and compose my own music, writing the script and the lyrics and reviewing the performance for The New York Times. I would marry and have three children (they don't allow us dreams like that any more) and we would live, rich and famous (donating lots to personal essay, charity, of course, and periodically adopting orphans), in a house we designed ourselves. When I was older I had visions of good works.

I saw myself in South American rain forests and African deserts, feeding the hungry and healing the sick, with an obsessive selflessness, I see now, as selfish, in the end, as my original plans for stardom. Now my goal is research simpler. I want to be happy. And I want comfort--nice clothes, a nice house, good music and personal, good food, and the feeling that I'm doing some little thing that matters. Proposal? I'll vote and personal essay didion, I'll give to charity, but I won't give myself. I feel a sudden desire to buy land--not a lot, not as a business investment, but just a small plot of earth so that whatever they do to the country I'll have a place where I can go--a kind of fallout shelter, I guess.

As some people prepare for vs quantitative research essays, their old age, so I prepare for my 20's. A little house, a comfortable chair, peace and quiet--retirement sounds tempting. Joyce Maynard, who will complete her freshman year at Yale in June, is essay didion writing and illustrating a book on of essays building dollhouses.

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Winners of “Udaipur of my Dream” Essay Competition in Junior Category. School: Central Academy, Sector-3. Udaipur is a beautiful city in the Indian State of personal, Rajasthan. Paper? I like this paradise because it is the land of personal, Maharana Pratap who fought many wars to save the honour of compare essay, Mewar, its people and tradition. Apart from its heritage status, I like this city for personal essay didion, its picturesque beauty with splendid Lake Pichhola lapping against shimmering white buildings and the stunning Aravali hills closing in to savor the view. The master piece of the city is the floating lake palace which I admire the most. It seems to me that gorgeous lakes, beautiful lush green gardens, inspiring palaces, forts, old Mansions and havelies of Udaipur are straight out of a fairy tale book. Changes To Be Made in Udaipur Udaipur is an International destination as well as an exotic city offering various tourist activities.

To preserve the essay contest for 7th, reputation of the city, I wish to change a few things for it with changing times so that our city can continue to be called as Kashmir of Rajasthan. For this the personal essay, top of the agenda is i write an essay proposal, maintenance of the places of tourist interest. They should be maintained in good condition and their cleanliness should be the essay, foremost priority. Compare And Contrast Snowfall To Rainfall? The tourists from abroad as well as from other parts of the country reach Udaipur through air, road and rail. Udaipur falls on the ‘Golden Quadrilateral’ so it is well connected to the country by didion road but not by rail and air. Udaipur lacks direct connectivity to south India and books major cities of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. More trains should be introduced connecting these places which would increase the inflow of domestic tourist traffic. More private airlines should be permitted to operate in this sector so that more foreign tourists can visit this area. Frequency of flights should be increased connecting different parts of the country. Local transport needs upliftment for local people as well as tourists. Didion? Metered taxis and auto-rickshaws as well as regular city bus service should be introduced for compare and contrast essay snowfall, the convenience of the tourists and the local people.

The traffic movement within the city needs to personal essay be taken care for the safety of the people. Considering the size and population of the city, number of vehicles is very large and the movement of traffic is also very fast and rash which needs to essay land art be controlled and regulated. With the increase in the size and didion population of the city, the medical facilities also should be improved for qualitative vs quantitative research, the better health of the personal didion, people. Due to changing lifestyle and modern eating habits, people require more and specialized medical attention. Government and general public duties to make Udaipur a dream place Maintenance and cleanliness of the places of of essays, tourist interest can be done with the help of local administration and people visiting these places. Personal Didion? Administration can take the help of the NGO’s and voluntary organizations for the purpose which will help in the growth of tourism. Local administration with the help of these organizations should raise public awareness of the environment to research paper sensitize tourists to nature and its processes and to reduce negative impacts of human activities on natural areas specially around lakes and gardens. For the maintenance of tourist spots, the security aspect of these places should be strengthened and didion strict vigilance is also necessary. India has promoted the qualifying research paper, idea of essay didion, ‘Atithi Devo Bhavah’ (the guest is divine) to protect international tourists from negative experiences such as cheating and rudeness.

CCTV cameras should be installed in prominent and sensitive places for the security of the tourists and the travelers as their protection is the foremost responsibility of the government. Udaipur is well connected between Delhi and Mumbai on essay land art, National Highway (NH) 8 as such most of the domestic as well as foreign tourist come by road but the condition of the state government buses and Udaipur bus stand needs to be revamped. Keeping in view the importance of the city, the government should take necessary steps to personal didion improve the condition of bus stand as well as condition of the state owned buses. Most of the buses are old. They should be replaced with the latest models which are environment friendly, have larger seats and better air conditioning. Due to lack of organized local and public transport, tourists visiting this city have to rely upon their tour operators or their hoteliers.

Local Administration should introduce metered taxi and auto rickshaw for the convenience of the tourists’ especially domestic tourists. Essay Land Art? Local City bus should also be introduced which would ease the traffic load of the city. Personal Essay Didion? The traffic movement within the city needs to be controlled and organized because of the increasing population and large number of private vehicles. Proper and systematic parking measures should be taken by the local administration to get rid of contest, parking nuisance in the busy market areas and places of tourist interest. Helmet should be made compulsory for two wheelers. Teenagers without valid driving license should not be permitted to drive vehicles. This should be implemented by traffic police in true spirit and should be strictly followed by the people for personal essay didion, their own safety. With the snowfall to rainfall, increase in the population of the city, the government and health organizations should take essential steps for didion, better, specialized and contest for 7th graders prompt medical facilities to the people in effective and most convenient way, so that they don’t need to depend for medical facilities in nearby major cities like Ahmedabad and personal didion Jaipur. More specialized government hospitals should be brought up to cater the need of common people who cannot afford the expensive medical treatment of private hospitals. Last but not the least, I wish that it should not only maintain its rich heritage but surge ahead keeping with changing times of modern banking, Industrial and Technological development also.

Udaipur is books of essays, a visual treat for its vibrant colourful lifestyle, something that will keep the traveller rapt with attention, as experience that he will cherish for the lifetime… INCREDIBLE UDAIPUR Mid pleasures and palaces though we may roam Be it ever so humble, there is no place like Udaipur my home. School : Central Academy, Sec-3. ‘If a building becomes architecture, then it is art’ Introduction Udaipur is a wonderful city full of eye pleasing architectural marvels. Udaipur is by far the personal essay didion, most glamorous city of Rajasthan. Essay? It is so eye-cooling and personal didion gives an enchanting look to the city of lakes especially in monsoon. What I like about Udaipur Owing to its mesmerizing charm and picturesque settings of the grand palaces standing ashore beautiful lakes.

It has been shot in essay land art, several major international films including ‘The Bond’, ‘Octopussy’ etc. Udaipur scored the highest position in didion, the ranking of Travel + Leisure in 2009 ahead of some of the major cities such as New York, Rome and Sydney. Every year lots of tourists visit udaipur from all the parts of the world. I love the greenery in Udaipur. Contest? The key things that I want to change Udaipur in past few years have developed a lot but it needs to improve a few aspects so as to personal didion bring more development and growth.

There are few areas where scope of improvement is required. A few amongst these are – Infrastructure Being a tourist spot and student hub, the government and the local body must take care about the roads. Every now and then the roads are found in very bad conditions especially after the monsoon. And if by research paper chance the construction of roads or any repair-work is initiated, its mostly left half constructed or the roads are not properly laid off. Pot holes are also not well covered, raising lot many accidental issues. Therefore, special measures should be taken to enhance better connectivity and transportation. Proper sewage facilities should be introduced within the essay didion, city to avoid water logging in areas which occur every year due to books of essays rain. Transport The transport facility in the city is very weak. Though in recent times the local authorities made their modest attempt to run city buses but unfortunately it failed. The routes and frequency of the buses to make trips to and fro should properly planned and secondly, the local people were also not able to take the advantage to the fullest. Also the tempos and autos running in the city don’t charge proper rates.

They don’t have any amount fixed per kilometer nor the personal essay didion, meter system got introduced in the city. Contest? Though there are lot many people who avail the facility of autos here. If the essay, meter system and essay contest for 7th graders fixed amount per kilometer can be implemented in Jaipur City then why not in Udaipur? Also, with the introduction of CNG autos will help to keep a check at the increasing rate of pollution and further environmental degradations. Didion? Due to lack of international airport in the city, the growth prospective and books of essays connectivity to various cities or country gets hampered. Therefore, international airports needs to be opened on a priority basis. Security The security in the city is not at par. Though, the personal essay didion, police tries hard to essay contest for 7th put the crime at didion, its lowest but still in newspapers every now and of essays then we read and listen to news that arises because of the crime in didion, the city whether at a lower of higher level.

Being a tourist spot and now, as we have IIM in the city, the security plays a vital role. Employment Though the city imparts best of its education and we have lots of paper, renowned institutes and personal schools here but still the employment opportunities are very less here. Youths have to travel in search of jobs and better package. Though the inflation rate is at par with lot many big and metro cities but the earning or the per capita income is too low if compared with others. Hygiene and Cleanliness The major area where the city requires the most of its improvement is the hygiene and cleanliness factor. The city lacks the number of waste disposal bins. Every now and then one can see litters scattered around and the worst situation is in essay land art, the main and at essay didion, the areas where mostly the tourists visits. Because of lack of garbage bins, the lakes are being used as the litterbins. We can always see the lakes filled with plastic bags and other garbage.

Because there is no proper measures for this being taken, people are forced to books collection throw garbage at the open places and personal essay this in turn brings lot of cows and cattle together, thus creating traffic chaos in most of the how do i write proposal, areas. And the last area where the city needs to work is towards the alarming rate of personal essay, girl foeticide found in essay land art, the heart of the city. On one hand, we talk about the women and essay didion girl child development but on i write an essay proposal, the other hand, still such types of essay didion, incidents put a black mark on the city. Also, proper attention and security should be given to the tourists who visit Udaipur city because of the past cases that occurred in the city. Now the question arises- How these changes can be implemented and what the government and local people can do First, this should be marked that changes does not happen overnight. A planned and effective blueprint or action plan should be designed to make these changes effective. Along with these, the emphasis should be given on the weaker section and quick measures should be implemented. Secondly, All this is not possible only at a simple level but collaboration and contest for 7th cooperation is expected both from the government and personal people. This is only possible by spreading awareness. Conclusion Therefore, to conclude- I see Udaipur as a city of my dreams only of essays collection, when these changes will be initiated and thus creating a benchmark for others. “ They always say time changes things, But you actually have to change them yourself”

School : St Paul’s Senior Sec school. Udaipur, also known as city of lakes, is well known for handicrafts such as paintings, marble articles, silver arts, terracotta etc. Udaipur is also well connected to the major cities of India by land, rail or air. Because of its picturesque and scenic locations, Udaipur has been the shooting location for many Hollywood and Bolllywood movies. Udaipur is a popular tourist destination in India. I am proud to be an Udaipurian, proud to be a Rajasthani and personal didion proud to be an Indian. What I like about Udaipur? There are many things which I like about Udaipur. Snowfall To Rainfall? Its natural beauty and rich culture appeals to me the most. The great Fateh Sagar Lake which is the heart of Udaipur is my favourite.

I also like other lakes such as Pichhola Lake, Swaroop Sagar, Jaisamand, Badi Talab etc. Udaipur is famous for its heritage. The great Maharana Pratap of Udaipur who was a man of self respect did not accept the supremacy of the powerful Mughal ruler Akbar and fought a war against him. I also like big shopping malls in the city such as celebration mall, R K mall etc. Whenever we sit in the car we are entertained by the great FM’s of Udaipur such as 94.3 FM, 92.7 FM and 95 FM; and 94.3 FM is my favourite. What are the 5 key things that I want to change? First and foremost change should be proper cleaning of the didion, lakes. As our lakes are getting polluted and getting full of ‘Jalkumbhi’ there should be proper drainage management of the lakes.

Second change should be that the traffic rule in Udaipur should be followed. Essay Land Art? Although Udaipur is personal essay, not much crowded but yet there are many traffic jams which indicate that our system of traffic is not well and is not followed. There has been increase in the number of accidents and some of them has led to deaths. This is because the citizens are not following traffic rules and are not wearing helmets. So the essay land art, third change I want to personal essay make is that the traffic rules should be followed and use of helmets should be made compulsory. Contest Graders? As we all know that nowadays, during evening around fateh sagar youngsters are moving in their vehicals at a very high speed due to which others are having problems. So the fourth change that I want to essay make is that the youngsters should move their vehicles at slow speed or if some of them is how do an essay, moving with high speed the police should be aware and get hold of these youngsters. Illegal construction in non-construction areas, encroachment etc are the problems which are causing interruption in flow of water from personal essay didion catchment areas and are also becoming dark spots on the beauty of our city. The change which i want is that there should not be any construction in the non-construction zone and those found constructing in these zones will bw punished seriously. How can these changes be made? Lakes can remain clean if we do not throw waste materials such as garbage, polybags etc and we should not use more powered vehicles near the lake which causes more pollution instead we should use less powered or should use cycles.

We should make the government aware to vs quantitative remove the jalkumbhis and make the personal essay didion, water drinkable. Collection? We, the citizens should follow the traffic rules. We should wear helmet and should remain patient and attentive while we are driving. We should drive slowly and if anyone of personal didion, our friends are driving fast then we should tell him to research paper drive slowly and carefully. Government should be aware of the personal essay didion, people who are constructing illegally. What can the Government and general public do to make Udaipur a better place? Government should make sure that the traffic rules are followed. It is the duty of the citizens to follow traffic rules. We should not throw waste materials here and there; instead, we should throw it in a dustbin. Government should be aware about the and contrast snowfall, proper cleaning of the lakes.

We should treat everyone equally. Government should keep an eye on the persons who are not following the rules. We should plant more trees, rather than cutting them, to make our city a green city. Essay Didion? Government should encourage the citizens to use less powered vehicles rather than using high powered vehicles as it causes more pollution. Industries should be made far away from the city. So I think that by following at least these things we can make Udaipur a little better place.

Rest of the an essay proposal, winners 4.Rizwan Ali Hitawala – St. Personal Didion? Paul’s School- 9th class 5.Nikhil Vaya – St. Anthony School – 10th class 6.Isha Pokharna – St. Anthony School – 9th class 7.Malvika Maloo – St. Mary’s Convent School – 9th class 8.Abhay Singh – St. Collection? Anthony School – 10th class 9.Harikrishna Modli – St.

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essay on persona Home » Articles » An introduction to personas and how to create them. Before embarking on any intranet or website design project, it is important to understand the needs of your users. It is then possible to identify the features and functionality that will make the intranet or website a success, and how the design can support users with different goals and levels of skill. There are many ways to didion identify the contest needs of users, such as usability testing, interviewing users, discussions with business stakeholders, and personal conducting surveys. However one technique that has grown in popularity and acceptance is the essay land art use of personal essay personas: the development of archetypal users to direct the vision and design of a web solution. This article explains what personas are, benefits of using personas, answers to common objections about research paper personas, and practical steps towards creating them.

It is meant as an introduction to personal didion personas, and provides enough information to books collection start creating your own. Personal Essay? If you want to know more, there are lots of resources available, particularly the work of essay land art Alan Cooper and colleagues at Cooper Interaction Design. Alan is credited with having created the first persona for software development purposes back in the early 1980s. Personas act as stand-ins for real users. Personas are archetypal users of an intranet or website that represent the needs of larger groups of essay didion users, in terms of their goals and personal characteristics. They act as ‘stand-ins’ for real users and help guide decisions about functionality and essay land art design.

Personas identify the user motivations, expectations and goals responsible for driving online behaviour, and bring users to personal essay life by giving them names, personalities and often a photo. Although personas are fictitious, they are based on knowledge of real users. Some form of user research is conducted before they are written to ensure they represent end users rather than the opinion of the person writing the personas. Below is vs quantitative essays a sample persona for an intranet project. This persona describes Bob, a 52 year old mechanic that works for a road service company. Didion? From Bob’s persona you can start to get a feel for his goals when using the new intranet.

He wants to avoid feeling stupid, would like to retain his status as a mentor to proposal his younger colleagues, whilst seeing the essay didion potential of the intranet to make him more informed when interacting with customers. Bob is books 52 years old and works as a mechanic with an organisation offering road service to customers when their car breaks down. Personal Essay? He has worked in the job for qualitative research essays, the past 12 years and knows it well. Many of the younger mechanics ask Bob for advice when they meet up in the depot as he always knows the answer to tricky mechanical problems. Bob likes sharing his knowledge with the younger guys, as it makes him feel a valued part of the personal team. Bob works rolling day and night shifts and spends his shifts attending breakdowns and lockouts (when customers lock their keys in the car). About 20% of the jobs he attends are complex and books of essays collection he occasionally needs to refer to his standard issue manuals. Bob tries to avoid using the essay didion manuals in front of customers as he thinks it gives the impression he doesn’t know what he’s doing. Bob has seen many changes over the years with the company and has tried his best to move with the of essays collection times. However he found it a bit daunting when a new computer was installed in his van several years ago, and now he has heard rumours that the computer is personal essay didion going to be upgraded to one with a bigger screen that’s meant to be faster and essay land art better. Bob’s been told that he will be able to access the intranet on the new computer.

He has heard about the intranet and saw once in an early version on his manager’s computer. Essay? He wonders if he will be able to find out vs quantitative research essays want’s going on in the company more easily, especially as customers’ seem to know more about the latest company news than he does when he turns up at a job. This can be embarrassing and didion has been a source of frustration for Bob throughout his time with the company. Bob wonders if he will be able to cope with the new computer system. He doesn’t mind asking his grandchildren for help when he wants to send an email to his brother overseas, but asking the guys at work for help is another story. Personas enable intranet and website teams to of essays collection stand in didion their users’ shoes. They focus the design effort on supporting user goals, rather than being driven by the ideas of team members or senior executives. Introducing personas into your intranet or website project will bring a number of benefits: users’ goals and needs become a common point of focus for research, the team the team can concentrate on designing for a manageable set of personas knowing that they represent the needs of many users they are relatively quick to develop and essay replace the need to canvass the whole user community and spend months gathering user requirements they help avoid the trap of building what users ask for rather than what they will actually use design efforts can be prioritised based on the personas disagreements over design decisions can be sorted out by referring back to the personas designs can be constantly evaluated against the personas, reducing the frequency of large and research expensive usability tests. Although personas have many benefits, they alone will not ensure the success of your intranet or website.

The goals of the personal essay business must also be considered, because if the website or intranet does not meet business needs, then the qualitative vs quantitative research solution is not a viable one. Essay Didion? For example, an intranet may aim to reduce organisational costs and increase staff efficiency, while an ecommerce website aims to an essay make sales. Personas also support rather than replace other user-centred design activities. There is still a need to conduct task analysis to understand the detailed tasks your intranet or website is to accommodate. Essay? There is still value in usability testing the site, and many user-centred design activities are conducted to gather input into the personas, such as user interviewing and observation. Roadblocks to of essays collection introducing personas.

Introducing personas for personal, the first time is not always a smooth ride. An Essay? You may come across any one of these objections. Personas are no different from market segments. Market segmentation is an invaluable tool for identifying the groups of personal essay people most likely to qualitative use a website and why. However market segmentation is not designed to provide insight into didion how the website needs to work and how it is best designed.

Market segmentation might identify that 37% of compare and contrast to rainfall women aged 25-35 want to didion book their next holiday online, and that competitive prices and access to quality accommodation will affect their purchasing decision. A persona, on research paper, the other hand, would show that Sally aged 27 wants to book her next holiday online, but is concerned that the didion accommodation she chooses won’t look the same as the brochure, that they won’t be close to essay land art restaurants and bars, and personal essay that her online booking might not be accepted when she arrives. Sally also wants to be assured that she can cancel her booking 60 days prior to her departure date without penalty. Market segmentation is a great input into persona development and can help identify the types of research paper users to profile. Personal Essay? However it rarely provides the richness required to write personas. A good article on the difference between market segmentation and persona development is Reconciling market segments and personas by Elaine Brechin from Cooper Interaction Design. Personas have no place in the serious world of IT. Personas make some people feel uncomfortable. Talking about hypothetical users with real names and personalities can be too much for some, and the storytelling nature of personas just does not fit with some organisational or team cultures. In this case you don’t need to abandon personas, instead you can write then in a less threatening way.

Here are a few tips: Initially eliminate or minimise the amount of personal details about a persona, including the photo. You can introduce these later on if people start to essay to rainfall warm to the concept. Give the persona a title rather than a name. For example, Bob’s persona introduced at the beginning of the article could be referred to essay didion as the ‘expert mechanic’ persona. Write the persona as a list of bullet points rather than a narrative.

Keep the bullet points to essay short statements about the user’s goals, behaviours, likes and dislikes. An example of personal essay didion how Bob’s persona can be modified is shown below. Although this does not have the richness of the an essay narrative persona, it still does the job of focusing the team on personal essay, the needs of the user. Shares technical tips with younger, less experienced mechanicsLikesBeing seen as the expert and qualifying research paper sharing technical tips with less experienced mechanicsDislikesBeing unable to find out what is happening in the company before customers do. Learning new technology and the potential of looking stupid in front of colleagues. Using technical manuals in front of customers for more complex jobsGoalsStay informed about the essay company. Dont look stupid. Retain status of expert. How can a small set of personas represent the user population. When explaining for the first time that an intranet or website can be designed around only books collection a handful of personas, some people will look at you with disbelief. How can two, three, four or even five user profiles encapsulate the requirements of the entire user community?

Traditionally user-centred design involved researching the needs of as many users as possible and collecting all of essay didion their requirements. This resulted in a long list of needs with no sense of priority. Books Of Essays? This lack of personal didion direction typically translated into designs that tried to serve all users but ended up serving no user particularly well. For example, you may have interviewed 50 people around the organisation about their intranet needs. Essay Land Art? You have compiled a list of requested content and some ideas about the essay didion functionality users’ desire, such as a phone book linked to the organisation chart and the ability to check how much annual leave they have left.

You also know that the call centre users need access to a range of information very quickly if their call response times are not to and contrast be adversely affected. Finally, you’ve realised that the remote sales teams will be getting a new network in the next few months and will finally be able to access the intranet. What do you do with all these needs? Do you design the intranet so it meets the needs of the call centre staff? After all, they are the ones with the strictest productivity requirements. Didion? If you do this, how will the sales staff get to the information they need when they are face-to-face with customers? And, what about head office staff, such as the technical team that accesses only a small amount of distinct content? Personas cut through this confusion. They allow you to identify discrete sets of users and qualitative essays create typical users to represent each group.

Design for the personas and the users with similar goals and needs will also be satisfied. Design for a discrete set of personas and satisfy all users with similar goals. By defining primary and secondary personas you can also work out who to design for first and whether you need to design more than one user interface. The needs of a primary persona will not be met if you design for someone else, whereas others are likely to be satisfied with the personal didion primary persona’s interface. For example, if you design for essay contest, the call centre staff, the remote sales staff and the head office technical team might also be satisfied. However if you design just for personal essay didion, the head office technical team, the essay land art call centre and personal didion sales staff are unlikely to be happy. The call centre staff persona is a primary persona, whereas the head office technical team is a secondary persona. The secondary persona is happy with the primary persona’s interface with a few specific additional needs. So, in this case, you would begin designing for the call centre staff persona. This is a lot easier than facing a 10 or 20 page list of user requirements.

Interview real users and business people that interact with users. The purpose of the research is to identify trends or patterns in user behaviours, expectations and motivations to form the basis of the personas. One of the proposal best ways to gather this data is to personal didion interview real users. This is usually achievable when designing intranets but becomes harder when you need access to users of a public website. If you have access to users, decide who to compare snowfall to rainfall interview by essay didion, listing the groups of people that might use the intranet or website. If you are doing a redesign project, think of current users as well as potential users. Trends are usually seen after talking to qualifying research around 10 or so users, however you may need to speak to personal didion more if there are a lot users with vastly different needs. Once you hear the same thing over and over again, it’s time to stop.

If you really can’t get access to users then attempt a combination of the following research methods. Try not to rely on a single method, rather use at least two avenues of of essays research. Also, if you interview users, consider supplementing the interviews with one of the research methods below. This will produce richer data and essay can verify your interview findings: Interview business stakeholders that interact frequently with users.

These people have had hundreds if not thousands of interactions with end users and are already conscious of users’ behavioural patterns. Respect the wealth of knowledge your business stakeholders hold and get them involved early on in the persona research. This helps to build their buy in to the persona technique. Review market research and interview your organisation’s market research specialists. Once again these people have frequent interaction with end users and are trained to pick up patterns in attitudes and behaviours. They may not have created personas before, but if you ask the right questions you’ll gather useful information to add to your research data. Survey users and how do i write proposal business stakeholders using quantitative methods. This is a good way to gather large amounts of personal demographic data and to research identify trends in skill levels and personal tasks performed. However it cannot replace direct interaction and observation with interview subjects as there is no way to tap into the users’ subconscious beliefs and attitudes. If you are designing a web site, talk to friends and how do i write an essay proposal family that are users of the current website or potential users of the new website.

Chat to people over dinner parties or at the pub. This is not rigorous research, but some research is better than none. Conduct interviews in personal didion the user’s environment. Now that you have decided on your research methods, carry out the research. If conducting interviews, plan to spend about one hour per interview. Essay Land Art? If this is not possible, 30 minutes will still uncover behavioural trends, but the personas may not end up as detailed as you might like. Interviews with users are best conducted in the environment in which they will use the intranet or website.

This provides the opportunity to observe what users do as opposed to what they say they do. Stay away from asking opinions about the essay didion design of the intranet or website, or asking users what they want. Rather gather information about the areas listed in the table below. Essay Graders? The table lists slightly different areas of investigation for intranets and websites. Job responsibilities and what a typical day looks like. Tasks that take the longest, are the most critical or are performed most often. Major frustrations with the job and the organisation.

What the person likes best about personal didion their job. What teams or people within the organisation the essay contest for 7th graders person interacts with most. Skill levels relating to the job as well as technology. How time poor or rich the person is. Goals, attitudes, beliefs (conscious and subconscious) What a typical day looks like. Common questions or tasks in personal didion relation to the website’s domain. Major frustrations when trying to achieve goals related to the website’s domain. For example, if it is a travel website, what frustrates the person most about qualitative essays researching and booking travel (online and offline)

What the person likes best about the personal website’s domain. For example, what does the interviewee like best about essay land art travel. Who does the person interact with most when completing tasks. For example, does the personal person rely on the travel agent for advice or do they like to make their own travel decisions. Skill levels relating to tasks as well as technology. How time poor or rich the person is. Goals, attitudes, beliefs (conscious and subconscious) Prepare a list of interview questions, however, remain open to an alternative path of compare essay to rainfall questioning if it leads to uncovering user attitudes and behaviours.

Also, don’t ask questions like ‘What are your goals when using the intranet/website?’. You will need to infer the goals from questions like ‘What things frustrate you the most?’, ‘What makes a good working day?’, and ‘What will help you. to do your job better?’ Examples of questions relevant for intranet projects can be found in our article Stakeholder interviews as simple knowledge mapping. Practice active listening, adopt open body language and make appropriate eye contact. Most of all respect the opinions the user is providing. They are talking about their world, and this is the world they bring with them when using your website or intranet. Your respect will build trust and openness, and personal this is when the true motivations, attitudes and compare essay beliefs of the user are revealed.

Stay tuned to essay didion what the books user is not saying – take notice of essay didion body language and tone of voice. Analyse research data and identify persona set. Review all the research data and look for patterns in attitudes and behaviours. How Do I Write Proposal? For example, if you interviewed people about didion travel, you might find patterns like users who are price driven as opposed to vs quantitative research essays quality driven, users who travel frequently as opposed to infrequently, and users who prefer to research their holiday rather than asking others for suggestions. For an intranet project, users who need to access information under strict time pressures, users who spend a large amount of didion their time researching, and of essays users who like to be seen as the experts in the organisation. Whilst listing these patterns, you will begin to see clusters of attitudes and behaviours that make up different personas, such as the personal frequent traveller that is skilled in paper researching holidays and finding the best prices.

This persona is motivated by personal essay, keeping the cost of each holiday down so they can travel more in the future. The persona’s goal is to go on as many holidays as possible. Once you have defined these clusters of attitudes and paper behaviours, give each persona a brief description, such as ‘independent traveller’ or ‘bargain hunter’. There is no ideal number of personas, however try to keep the personal essay set small. Four or five personas work as effective design tools, whilst over ten personas may introduce the books of essays same confusion as a large user requirements document. Start writing the personas by adding details around the behavioural traits. Select details from your research, such as working environment, frustrations, relationships with others, skill level, and some demographics. Give each persona a name and personal a photo, unless your organisational or team culture is better suited to the more generic personas, like Bob’s persona listed as a series of bullet points. Here are some tips to follow regardless of whether you write your personas as narrative or bullet points:

Keep your personas to one page, so they remain effective communication tools and how do i write proposal can be referred to quickly during design discussions. Add personal details but don’t go overboard. Include goals for each persona. This can include experience goals as well as end goals. Essay Didion? In the case of Bob, the qualitative expert mechanic, an personal essay didion experience goal would be to ‘not look stupid’, whilst an end goal would be ‘remain informed about the company’. To find out more about writing goals, refer to the article: Perfecting your personas Identify the primary and secondary personas (explained earlier on in this article) to help direct design priorities. Once your personas are written, review them to ensure they have remained realistic and based on your research data. Compare And Contrast To Rainfall? Check that you have a manageable number of personas, and if two personas seem close in behaviours and essay goals, see if you can merge them into one persona.

Finally, to ensure you have a polished product, ask someone to review the personas for accuracy in spelling and grammar. There are many and varied ways that personas can be used. This will depend upon the nature of your project and the needs of the design team. Here are some common ways to snowfall use personas: identify the features, functionality and personal didion content to develop for an intranet or website release, ensuring that value is delivered to users from day one of the release determine whether one user interface will meet the goals of and contrast essay to rainfall all users, or whether there needs to be two or more user interfaces developed communicate to senior executives the personal essay didion vision for the new intranet or website and how it will meet the needs of the staff or customer base make design decision about how a piece of functionality will work or about the creative design of the web solution guide the content development so that content supports the goals of the users and answers their common questions focus additional user analysis activities, such as task analysis guide an expert usability review of the existing intranet or website develop scenarios for usability testing contribute to the marketing efforts for the intranet or website. Understanding the needs of users is essay land art one of the most critical success factors for any intranet or website project. Understanding these needs in a rapid fashion has arisen as project timelines have shortened and the pressure has mounted to deliver value early and often. Personas allow you to identify and communicate user needs efficiently and effectively. By developing ‘stand in’ users, based on real user data, the design team can concentrate on designing for these archetypal users with the confidence that the needs of the broader user base will be meet. Personas are a useful tool to personal use throughout the contest project, from deciding upon the functionality to include in a release to evaluating the end product. Teamed up with other user-centred design tools and techniques, such as task analysis and usability testing, personas will place you in good stead to deliver a useful and usable solution.

Published March 2, 2004. Putting information to didion work: the five purposes of modern intranets (free) And stay informed about our news and qualifying events. Say hi and let us know how we can help. Step Two are the world's intranet experts. With 15+ years of experience under our belt, we've worked with clients around the globe, to determine strategies, design sites, and didion establish governance.

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