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Barn burning analysis essay
Argumentative essay for esl students. Analytical Essay On Barn. Do you think it#39;s better for students to have a long summer break or be in a. Female students get shut out of class discussions by essay land art, male students. This handout will define what an essay, argument is and explain why you need one in most of essay land art your academic essays. We have thousands of analytical essay Argumentative Essay For Esl. Study of Chinese university EFL students#39; argumentative writing, based on. The argument essay is the most common type of writing assignment that college students will encounter throughout their academic careers. Who doesn#39;t love a good argument?
Academic features can assist them to support the linguistic needs of international ESL. Reuse. JUDGEMENT ones in the student#39;s English and Chinese essays and proposes. It#39;s finals week and burning I have to finish my essay immediately.Persuasive/opinion/argument essay paragraph writing lessons, exercises for ESL students. EFL, writing, argumentative essays, genre-based writing, discursive genre. Has the argumentative essay for esl students That upon an the of a neither which tranquillity whereupon is much your. Need a good visual argument paper sample to help you complete your assignment?
Do you need help coming up with persuasive essay topics for your essay? The paper compares students#39; argumentative essays written before and after a. Keywords: Arabic rhetoric; Contrastive rhetoric; ESL writing; Writing instruction. Index Terms—argumentative essay, contrastive rhetoric, deductive, inductive, both. Essay Land Art. Findings of cultural influences on participants#39; argumentative essay revealed the. Writing: rethinking the assessment of argumentative essays in ESL-ODL context ›. Analytical On Barn. Enhancing Student Learning: Emphasizing.
Part 2 of 2 - How to Write an argument. Arguments are everywhere. One way you persuade. In relation to argumentative essays, students should become aware. Here is a detailed graphic organizer for IntermediateAdvanced ESL students that are just beginning to learn the essay land art, structure of the analytical burning, Argumentative Essay. And four ESL essays by Chinese students, then attempted to fit the four ESL. ESL Students. Denise Alvarez: “ESL College Students#39; Difficulties with Research Writing”.
These are the links to runner essay sample persuasive essays. So, why do they. TESOL Annual. ), Landmark essays on ESL writing (pp. Student or Learner. Independently writing an argumentative essay. You Argumentative Essay For Esl Students will be delivered to you by your deadline as we understand the importance of your deadline. And ability for analytical english reading and argument essay writing and point rubric for mlk day. The Best Sites For ELL#39;s To Learn About The Dangers Of Smoking.
What are factors which are related to academic success in high-school students? Argumentative Essay framE. This argumentative essay, these ELL students failed to address adequately. South Park Essay. Students are provided a writing prompt and must then write an essay on the topic. These sample student essays have been included in this web site to provide writing teachers with essays that represent the English language proficiency level and rhetorical and on barn organizational. The study found that the high-rated essay successfully employed appraisal values to. In alabama free lance writer argumentative essay for esl my assignment expert. Argumentative 123helpme. Keywords: Argumentative, Discourse marker, Essay, Expository. Let#39;s face it, we all like a. This writing lesson teaches ESL students a critical thinking framework that helps them learn English argument with questions, claims, premises and essay on barn burning warrants. Chinese Students#39; Argumentative Essays: A Multidimensional Probe. The thesis or argument in the traditional five-paragraph essay doesn#39;t.
I#39;m adding this link to argumentative 123helpme student essays that use Aristotle#39;s form to help readers. To expose students to the concept of argumentative essay. Part II: Students examine the process of building an argument: they look at the thesis statement, the. For more information on essay planning, see the Plan your essay page. Many English words ELL students are exposed to in school, they have not yet learned or. Arguments on both the pro and con sides of four different argument. Then the writer presents the argument and its support. October 2005. in the examination and evaluation of ESL writing.
Student writing - B. Blue/ Photographer#39;s Choice/ Getty Images. On Barn Burning. ELL Writing Resources. Features and the comprehensibility of the students#39; argumentative essays. Th argumentative essay rubric grade English worksheet Anne Frank Essay. Kite Essay. Quotes for Term Paper Warehouse. Catw essay samples Sample essay for esl students Platinum Class Limousine. You are going to read an essay by a student who is concerned because many women are choosing to. Of both markers and students to enhance formative assessment practices. Burning. Persuasive Essay Rubric: a rubric I#39;ve used to grade my students five. Esl sample argument research paper topics for elementary school students organizer is an elementary argumentative essays. Forgiveness Kite. Then, using Piktochart, students create their own infographics to.
Understanding of what an argument essay is by explaining what they need to. The data consists of analytical essay burning 13. quality of 30 ESL graduate student essays on kite essay, the. Burning. Essay, review Rating: 85 of 100 based on essay land art, 129 votes. Buy Argumentative essay for analytical essay on barn burning esl Pay masters ghostwriter service website that writes. One of the easiest ways to choose a topic for you argumentative essay topic is to pick a statement that is strong and then chose to argue for reuse and recycling or against the topic. Sample Argumentative Essay with Commentary ( PDF ). Building an Argument. The aim of this study was to. Aim and Contents: The aim of this course is to help students review and. Analytical Essay On Barn. How can SFL help teachers and argumentative essay students with argumentative essays?
Use this lesson plan to on barn teach. The purpose of an argumentative essay is to organize and present your well-reasoned. Argumentative, Having children or not, For 1. 86 Possible Persuasive Essay Topics 1. A genre description of the argumentative essay. Scholarships Essay Template, creative writing essay scholarships 2014. Creating Persuasive Attention Catchers Activity: Students practice creating persuasive leads that. South Park. Vertigo argumentative essays danielle ofri essays on abortion. RELC Journal, 21. Top 50 Ideas for Argumentative/Persuasive Essay Topics » Custom. Analytical Essay On Barn. Do)you)think)students)should)be)forced)to)wear)pants)when)it)is)over)100).
Argumentative essays often strike fear deep into the heart of even the most dedicated students; there really is no need. It often becomes difficult for the young students to essay water handle the. This template provides students with a framework for planning an argumentative essay. Analytical Essay On Barn. Teaching Argument Writing to ELLs. On Save Water. The argumentative essay is a genre of writing that requires the student to investigate a topic; collect, generate. College students are often assigned to analytical burning write argumentative essays. Explore Kimberly Bloom#39;s board Argumentative Essay on Pinterest, the world#39;s catalog of ideasSee more about Essay topics, Student and Persuasive writing. Barkhuizen, G. (1998) #39;Discovering Learners#39; Perceptions of ESL Classroom Teaching/Learning.
As a Second Language (ESL) courses. Kite Runner Essay. Transition words in context and write their own persuasive essay using transition words. Caring for #39; Write My Essay #39; Needs So, why exactly did put a #39;Z#39; in their company name? Students need an essay burning, understanding of the components of argument and essay land art the. Essay On Barn Burning. When faced with this task, you will need to show your creativity and imagination by choosing. Here is my prezi on how to essay land art write an argumentative essay for analytical essay on barn burning ESL learners.
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Barn burning literary analysis essay - YouTube
Part 8 - Examples of Good and Bad Writing. Learning to analytical write often works best by example. The following are excerpts from essay water nine first-year student essays. Most of the examples are bad, although I did find a two good examples in the bunch. In most cases, the names and dates from the essays have been changed to not compromise the subject matter for future students (in other words, don't use any of the apparent research information here in your papers). I have tried to categorize the analytical on barn burning, errors as best as I could.
Errors or bad portions are usually bolded to help you identify them. Smith was a religious, Christian man. Water. His notion of monads included contextual references to God. Analytical Essay. He believed that God controls the harmony of life through these monads. The essay then goes on to discuss these monads in a Christian context. Had the student omitted the above sentences, however, the discussion of religion would have been completely out of essay, place, given the essay's topic. But since the person being discussed had religious views that affected his theories and work, it is relevant to mention the religious aspect. Had Smith's religion not been a direct influence on his work, it would have been irrelevant.
Similarly, you wouldn't mention other things about someone in an essay if it wasn't relevant to the topic. For example, it is irrelevant to mention a scientist's race in an essay about their discovery unless the race impacted the discovery. An example of this might be if a black scientist's prime motivation to essay burning find a cure for sickle cell anemia was because that disease strikes black people in proportionally higher numbers. If the same scientist was researching some aspect of physics, it would probably not be relevant to mention the race at all. An introductory paragraph: On March 4, 1849, John Smith was born to Anna Bradcock Smith and James Smith. Argumentative Essay 123helpme. Although certainly not of humble origins, John was acquainted with several prominent and influential men of politics with whom he discussed matters of mathematics, history, science, logic, law, and theology. Smith was brilliant in each of these fields, but he became known particularly for essay burning, his contributions in the fields of essay on save, philosophy, mathematics, and logistics.
This paper will not only shed light on some of Smith's theories and words regarding these three areas, but will also tell of the events in his life that made him the man that he was. This is the introduction to a chronologically-ordered essay about Smith's life and discoveries. As such, the analytical burning, choice to begin with his date of birth is a good one. The paragraph summarizes the fields touched by Smith and also mentions the key areas he studied. The paper sets up an expectation for essay land art, the reader of both a detailed explanation of analytical essay on barn burning, Smith's discoveries and anecdotes describing his personality. The sentence structure is 123helpme grammatically sound and analytical on barn burning, flows well.
In the argumentative essay 123helpme, late 1650's , Smith's mother returned to London , she then pulled him out of school with the essay burning, intent to restaurant make him a farmer . Apostrophes indicate possessiveness or contractions, not plurality. The decade is the 1650s. On Barn. The sentence is argumentative a run-on. Analytical On Barn Burning. It should either end after London, beginning a new sentence with She then, or the she then should be changed to and. To make someone a farmer is to create a farmer for them. Restaurant. The student meant: to turn him into a farmer or to encourage him to be a farmer. Smith invented the widgetiscope and paved the way for essay on barn burning, future widget watching.
All-the-while remaining a simple and humble man who considered himself to be part of a team working for south mexican, the greater good. The bolded part is not a complete sentence. The entire thing should be one sentence. All-the-while does not require hyphenation. The two differing approaches of development already described, eventually led to the development of the two original branches of widgetry; fingleish and fnordleish. This sentence is mispunctuated.
The comma is confusing and should be removed, and essay on barn burning, the semicolon should be a colon. Another of Smith's ideas was the method of differentiation. The university re-opened after the plague in 1667. Smith was elected to a minor fellowship, and awarded a major fellowship after he received his Master's Degree (Bogus 4). After the realization that Calculus was important, and was being recognized, a document to record all of the essay on save 2010, theories became a necessity.
The Methodis Differantium, the document that contained the elements of the theory of differentiation, was created in 1667. Smith believed he was being pulled in two directions when it came to analytical on barn burning publishing his theories and making his work known. He felt a need for fame and fortune, yet on the other hand he had an abundant fear of rejection. To the dismay of many future mathematicians, it was never published because of Smith's fear of forgiveness essay, criticism. Since he was not focusing on publishing his work, Smith pursued his career as a professor. This so-called paragraph is an utter mess. There are far too many ideas in on barn burning it, all of restaurant, which are strung together haphazardly without any logical flow. I'll try to dissect and rewrite it, but I won't make errors bold because the entire paragraph would be bold if I did.
First, let's pick out the on barn burning, different topics being addressed: the method of differentiation the university re-opening after the plague Smith's ascension through the university ranks the need of a document detailing differentiation, which was eventually created Smith's mental state, desires and fears. Now, if we replace each sentence with the number of the reuse, corresponding idea, we can see what a jumbled mess this is: 1, 2, 3, 4, 4, 5, 5, 4, 3. Don't introduce a paragraph with one topic and then leap to another topic in the next sentence. While it may sometimes be necessary to mention something as an aside to complement the topic, the return to essay on barn burning the topic should be swift and easy to understand. Essay Land Art. Don't bounce around within the analytical essay, paragraph as this student has done. Another problem: there doesn't seem to be a coherent timeline within the paragraph. Did the university re-open in 1667, or was the plague in essay on reduce reuse and recycling 1667? Is the student saying that Smith was elected to a minor fellowship that year or another year? Similarly, when did the major fellowship and Master's Degree come in? It's unlikely to have all happened in analytical on barn burning one year, though it is dissertation possible.
The document was created in 1667, it seems, but when did Smith decide not to publish and seek work as a professor instead? Also 1667? It sounds like that was a very busy year for poor Smith! The sentences themselves are also awkwardly constructed, making the entire thing hard to understand. I'll make some assumptions regarding the confusing date information.
Here is how this information should have been presented: Smith's ideas on the method of differentiation were gaining recognition in the mathematical community, which made it necessary for him to produce a document detailing all of his theories on the subject. Thus, when the university re-opened in 1667 following the plague and Smith was elected to a minor fellowship, he wrote Methodis Differantium. Although Smith wished to attain fame and fortune, he also feared rejection. This dichotomy resulted in essay burning his failure to publish Methodis Differantium; a failure that would be mourned by mathematicians well into the future. Still, Smith was awarded a major fellowship after receiving his Master's Degree in [insert year].
Since he was not interested in publishing his work, he concentrated instead on pursuing a position as a professor. Queen Esmerelda knighted Jones in 1705 to be given the title of Sir Joe Smith, which made him the first scientist to be so honored for kite, his work (Bogus) . The phrase to be given is awkward here. It would be better written: Queen Esmerelda knighted Jones in 1705, which gave him the title of Sir. Who else could be honoured for essay on barn, Smith's work other than Smith? It should say: . which made him the first man to be honored for scientific work. There probably should be a page number listed in the citation.
Jones had a main idea of analytic geometry. What does this mean? Does the student mean that one of Jones' main ideas concerned analytic geometry? Does he mean that one of the main ideas of analytic geometry was conceived by Jones? Or does he mean something else entirely? This makes little sense and on reduce, is very awkward. Whether Smith made no use of the analytical on barn, manuscript from which he had copied abstracts , or whether he had previously invented the widgetiscope, are questions on essay, which at this distance of time no direct evidence is available . If Smith made no use of the manuscript, he can't have used it to copy abstracts.
This is a very awkward way of saying that the essay burning, events in question happened so long ago that there is restaurant dissertation no longer sufficient evidence to on barn burning answer certain questions. It would be better written: Questions as to whether Smith made further use of the manuscript from which he copied abstracts or whether he had previously invented the widgetiscope are rooted so far in south park the past that it is impossible to gather sufficient direct evidence to provide answers. This is still a bit awkward. It's best when broken up into smaller sentences: There are still questions as to whether Smith made further use of the manuscript from which he copied abstracts or whether he had previously invented the burning, widgetiscope. Such questions are rooted so far in the past, however, that it is impossible to gather sufficient direct evidence to essay on reduce reuse and recycling provide answers.
Smith formed a political plan to try to persuade the Germans to analytical on barn attack the French due to him not agreeing with their political agendas and this proved the means of his visiting Hamburg. Due to essay 123helpme him not agreeing with is on barn burning a very awkward way of saying: because he disagreed with. The second bolded part should be a separate sentence. Proved the essay on save 2010, means of analytical on barn burning, his visiting is a very awkward way of saying is essay on reduce why he visited. Jones explained ideas too enormous to understand, and simplified problems too complex to approach. Not only is this hyperbole, it's also logically impossible. If the ideas were too complicated to understand, Jones couldn't have understood them himself. If the problems were too complex to approach, Jones could not have approached them. Mismatched Words, Phrases, and analytical on barn burning, Pronouns. After marrying Elizabeth, Smith's father fell ill for several months. After no sign of recovery, a lawyer was summoned to the manor.
A will was drawn up, including one hundred acres of land, the manor house, livestock, grain, and Smith Senior's death (Bogus 10). Essay Land Art. His mother gave birth to Smith three months after Smith senior died. He was premature after suffering from essay illness due to the shock of her husband's passing during the fall . The phrase after no sign of recovery is essay and recycling not properly attached to Smith's father. Instead, it is saying that the lawyer did not recover from something. A will does not include land, a house, etc. It states to whom such things are bequeathed. This should say: A will was drawn up leaving one hundred acres of land, the manor house, livestock and burning, grain to [whomever].
I don't even understand how and Smith Senior's death fits into this sentence. His in the sentence His mother gave birth. refers to the antecedent Smith Senior. Thus, Smith Senior's mother gave birth to Smith Senior's son. That would necessitate incest, and is clearly not what the student meant to say. They should have simply said Elizabeth gave birth. Who else but someone's mother gives birth to them anyway? Given the confusions regarding the various Smiths, it would have been better if the student had used first names during this part of the essay. There is inconsistency in south essay capitalization. It is Smith Senior once, and Smith senior another time. The he in he was premature again refers to the wrong antecedent. Analytical On Barn. Smith Senior was not premature.
Smith did not suffer illness due to essay on save 2010 the shock of Smith Senior's passing. Elizabeth did. Essay On Barn Burning. This sentence says that Smith suffered the illness. The student suddenly introduces the phrase during the fall when no other mention of the season has been made. This could be confused with Smith Senior dying from a fall. Lastly, the reuse and recycling, inverse relationship between area and the tangent were never attained. The relationship is analytical singular, even though it refers to multiple elements. Thus, the verb were should be singular as well, and dissertation, changed to was. It was this century where many of the worlds most honorable and highly respected mathematicians created what we know today as calculus. A century is not a place, it is a section of time. Say it is a place where. or a time when.
In this case, It was this century when. Adding an essay burning 's' without an essay land art apostrophe in this case is pluralization, not indicative of possession. The student means world's. But perhaps the largest obstacle , which the analytical essay on barn, Greeks could not overcome, were their insufficient number and measuring system . Were is plural, but obstacle and system are singular. It should be was. Tragically at the age of six, Smith's father died. This says that Smith's father died at the age of six. Forgiveness Kite Essay. The student means: Tragically, when Smith was six years old his father died. Jones, now familiar with Smith's discoveries, wrote Smith a letter soon after the publication of analytical essay, his discoveries. After the argumentative 123helpme, publication of whose discoveries: Jones' or Smith's?
Jones reasoned that if he could calculate the angles of the projected colour, a new law of refraction could be made . People can make legal laws, but natural or scientific laws are discovered. To make a new law of refraction, Jones would have to alter physics. During the essay on barn, seventeenth century, the inhabitants of England did not realize the importance of essay land art, scientific advancement. Inhabitants could well mean non-human creatures, and is thus a poor choice of a word. Are we to understand that ALL of the analytical essay burning, people in England failed to essay land art realize the importance of scientific advancement for an entire century? It would have been better if the student had said most people in England. At the current time, the analytical on barn burning, dominant belief was that light traveled in wave . The current time is the moment the reader is reading the sentence. The student meant to say that the belief was such during the forgiveness kite essay, historical time period being discussed. Current should be omitted. The phrase in wave has an error. It should either be in waves or in a wave.
Both may be correct, but such an error can be misunderstood if one is incorrect. This would likely have been caught if the student had read the paper out loud. Secondly, Jones' reliance on essay burning, geometric algebra rather than symbolic notation created considerable impedance to forgiveness kite the identification of solutions of computational features found frequently to different problems. Here is an example of essay burning, a student not knowing the proper meaning of essay on save, a word. Impedance means opposition to the flow of electric current. It does not mean the same as to analytical on barn impede, which is to be an obstacle. Essay Water. This could be an instance where a student used the thesaurus in a word processor to on barn burning come up with a word without bothering to check if the word fit the context. It could also simply be that the student had mislearned the word themselves. Incidentally, a quick check of MS Word 97 shows synonyms to on reduce reuse and recycling impedance to be obstruction, block, baffle, hindrance, breakwater, fin, and analytical essay on barn, maze. So here is direct proof that you shouldn't always trust what a word processor thesaurus tells you is an equivalent word.
Be diligent and essay on save water, look up unfamiliar words in the dictionary before using them in your essay. In studying widgetry, it serves as great importance that one is aware of the two systems of widgetry; fingleish and fnordleish. Something does not serve as great importance, and analytical essay on barn, one being aware doesn't fit either. This is a student trying to sound fancy but instead making no sense. The sentence should read: In studying widgetry, one should be aware of the two systems of widgetry; fingleish and fnordleish. It was thought that Jones hated his stepfather and his mother, partly for abandoning him at runner, such a young age.
Who thought so? This entire statement, which implies something that cannot be proven and on barn, is thus not a basic fact, had no attribution in the essay. Since it was about someone historical and the student couldn't possibly have known this unless they got it from a source, it was plagiarism to include it without attribution. Smith managed one friendship through this time and the value of that is always questioned. Who is questioning the essay and recycling, value? There is no attribution to explain who questions it or to prove that it is questioned by anyone other than the student. What precisely is analytical essay burning being questioned? The value of only having one friend, or the value of the one friendship to Smith in forgiveness kite runner essay particular? . which means that the cut in analytical essay the # of points is equal to the degree of the curve. Using the park mexican, # symbol instead of the word number is a bad short cut, and certainly inappropriate for a formal essay. Smith also helped to improve the scientific community ; his focus was mainly regarding widgetry.
How does a focus on a subject help to analytical essay on barn improve a community? It might improve the understanding of the subject in the community, but does that improve the community itself? This is a badly worded assertion. Essay Water 2010. If it truly did benefit the scientific community as a whole, the student should cite a source demonstrating that to be the case. Analytical Essay. No attribution was present. In one day, John's attitude towards school changed for the better. Dissertation. A boy ranked just above him kicked him in the stomach. At the end of the day John challenged the boy to a fight. On Barn Burning. Even though John was much smaller than his opponent, his determination overtook the boy. Essay Land Art. Winning the fight was still not enough.
John applied himself in class, and soon became the top student in the school. This entire paragraph introduces an anecdote for the purpose of explaining what drove John to become a better student. Incredibly, it manages to completely fail to mention the relationship between the anecdote and John's new-found classroom enthusiasm. The relationship is implied and the reader can guess that John wished to beat the boy in more than just a physical fight, and thus worked hard to outrank the analytical on barn, boy in the classroom, but that is not stated. The paragraph is very choppy and the sentences do not flow well. Water. Read it out on barn, loud, and you'll hear how it sounds like a grade school book instead of a university essay. During this time, Smith constructed a water clock. He constructed the clock out of an water old box.
This is choppy. It could be easily combined into analytical on barn burning one sentence. Jones became began to study motion. This error was probably due to a sentence that once legitimately contained the on save 2010, word became being edited without became being removed. If the student had read the essay out loud or given it to analytical essay a friend to read, this error likely would have been noticed. Yet, in 1679, Jones would discover that his initial calculation the Moon's distance from Earth was incorrect. Here is another example of forgiveness runner essay, a simple error of omission that could have been caught if the student had read the essay aloud or given it to a friend to analytical essay burning read. The word of should be between calculation and the. That one small error makes the essay land art, entire sentence awkward and confusing. If the instructor has to reread the analytical on barn, sentence to restaurant dissertation try to understand its meaning, the flow of the essay is interrupted.
If this happens often enough in the essay, it gives an overall bad impression on what otherwise might be a very good paper in terms of research. More examples of errors that could have been caught if the students had bothered to read their essay: One of Smith's main contribution was his use of. Widgetry emphasized the notion of the infinite widget, which in fact cam as a great service to Smith in analytical essay burning that it served as an important too in helping explain his branch of widgetry. Jones might have in essay water 2010 fact perputuated the ideas, but he was also at a loss when he could not make good sense of them from the essay on barn burning, beginning. Admiration for Smith grew in the filed of widgetry.
With Jones' encouragement, Smith drafter a number of park mexican essay, monographs on religious topics. Smith considers out universe to be a gravitational system. On August 10, 1777, Jones was ent a letter from. In later research , it was proven that Jones was incorrect and science rejected his theories about light until the next century. Thus, it was scientifically proven that Jones' theories about burning quanta (tiny particulate packets of energy) were indeed correct . The wave formulation was also correct . When was this later research? Who performed the research? In discussing whether someone was proven incorrect or not, it is a good idea to fully explain who did the proving when, and kite, possibly even how they came to essay on barn burning their conclusion. These sentences contradict each other. Was Jones proven incorrect or correct? Does the student mean that Jones was erroneously proven incorrect, but science later found that he was correct after all?
Or was Jones correct about some things and forgiveness kite runner essay, not others? The use of Thus implies causality. How does the proof that Jones is analytical essay on barn burning incorrect and the rejection by science suddenly become scientific proof of his theory being correct? Regardless of what the student meant by the flip from incorrect to correct, there is nothing given to establish causality. It's disappointing to see such sloppiness as this in an essay.
This particular essay featured clipart, so it was obviously done on a computer with a modern word processor. It clearly wasn't spell-checked. Argumentative Essay. Such complete disregard is automatically indicative of a student who doesn't care about their final product, and while the error itself is minor, it gives a bad impression to the grader. In fact, this essay had several spelling errors that could have been caught. That's inexcusable at the university level. It was also during this time that he traveled to his uncle's place in analytical essay Brunswick. Place is colloquial. Use home, apartment, residence or other such appropriate word instead. Smith attempted to obtain his doctorate of law degree at the University of Anytown but was denied because positions were being held for the older students -- and Smith was much too young. Mexican. Smith's secretary claims that he was told many times, however, that Smith was denied admission because of essay on barn, negative feelings that the Dean's wife held for park mexican essay, him. Smith's secretary is probably dead, since this essay is about someone from the analytical on barn burning, 19th century.
Therefore, they no longer claim anything. It should be past tense. Since the student doesn't cite this, there is an implication that perhaps the secretary is not dead and the student went so far as to south interview the essay on barn burning, secretary personally. That is, of course, quite unlikely, meaning that this student has plagiarised this information from one of their sources. The following are a few concepts that form the essay, basis of Leibnizian calculus: [followed by three bulleted paragraphs comprised mostly of direct quotation]
Using bullets in essay burning a formal essay is rarely appropriate. It is preferable to write out the bulleted information into proper paragraph form. This student seems to have been too lazy to bother paraphrasing a bunch of forgiveness kite runner, direct quotations into a formal essay structure. Along came the Joe Smith, a mathematician considered by numerous scholars to be a pioneer of essay on barn, calculus, including other renowned mathematician, Bill Jones. The Joe Smith? There has only been one? The student means another, not other. Sloppy. The first page of the restaurant, essay starts with: have been developed (5). The second page starts with the header Introduction and the opening paragraph. Clearly, the student stapled the pages out of order.
What a sloppy mistake! Pages should be numbered unless you're specifically instructed not to analytical for some reason, and you should always ensure that all of the essay on save 2010, pages are present and in proper order before binding the analytical on barn, essay. If the instructor has to begin by figuring out what the heck is going on, they will automatically have a bad impression of your essay and possibly of you. Jones was quite a busy man in that along with his position in the Court of Mainz, he also managed to serve as Baron Johann Christian von Boineburg as secretary, librarian, lawyer, advisor, assistant, and essay land art, most importantly, friend. Quite a busy man is a bit colloquial. Analytical Burning. A busy man would do.
The first as is an error, since Jones did not serve as the restaurant, Baron, he served the Baron. This may have been caught if the student had read their essay out analytical on barn, loud. His Chummy, Bill Jones, who Smith shared a room with until his resignation from this fellowship in 1683. Chummy should only essay land art, be included if it was Smith's actual word for analytical essay, Jones. If this is the case, it is a quotation from a source and should be cited. Restaurant. If not, it is colloquial and should just say His friend Bill Jones. Who should be whom in essay on barn burning this case. A site called Grammar and Style has information on how to essay on reduce reuse use who and whom. This isn't even a complete sentence.
Smith was born prematurely and was so small when he was born that they thought he might not live. Repeating that he was born is redundant. Who does they refer to? Doctors? Parents? Relatives? Townsfolk?
It is analytical on barn burning a pronoun without an antecedent. In this publication, Jones has a discourse between the belief systems of the natural philosophical world around him. Has is the wrong word here because the essay is about a person who is now dead. Essay Land Art. Dead people don't have discourse with anyone in the present, so the word should at least be had. But even had is essay awkward, and a better word would be wrote. Discourse means to mexican converse, especially orally. One does not speak orally in a publication. It is written. Essay On Barn. This word should be omitted.
Between denotes at least two participants, but Jones is the only one having the supposed discourse. This too should be omitted. Natural philosophical world is confusing. Does the student mean the natural, philosophical world, which would be the essay land art, world described as both natural and philosophical? Or do they mean natural philosophical world, in which natural modifies philosophical and not world, in which case the grammatically correct phrase would be naturally philosophical world? This would be better written as: In this publication, Jones wrote of the belief systems of the natural, philosophical world around him.
or, depending on the answer to the fourth point: In this publication, Jones wrote of the belief systems of the naturally philosophical world around him. He was home for approximately 18 months, according to Jones the 18 months was the most predominant time period of his life. This is analytical essay a run-on sentence. It should either end between 18 months and according, or it should be rewritten to make it a proper sentence. 18 months is essay land art repeated for no reason. 18 months is plural, so it should be 18 months were not 18 months was. Predominant means superior especially in essay burning power or numbers.
Something cannot be most superior. Most should be omitted. Predominant is not the best word in this case anyway. If the student means it was the on save water 2010, most powerful time of analytical on barn, Jones' life, they should be clear about that. If they mean it was the most superior numerical time of his life, then he logically cannot have been more than 36 months old. Simpson was content after his ability to reproduce Smith's experiment. Jones was not that easy, the two men fought constantly.
The student probably means that Simpson was content once he was able to reproduce Smith's experiment. The current phrasing doesn't quite say that, and is awkward and confusing. Jones was not that easy to what? The student probably means Jones was not that easy to satisfy or something equivalent. This is a run-on sentence.
It should end after easy, or be rewritten to be grammatically correct. Which two men? Simpson and Jones or Smith and Jones? The information on physics before this section is important to understanding whom Newton was, but arguably, his greatest advancements were in the field of essay, mathematics, most importantly Calculus. Incorrect use of whom. Should be who. A site called Grammar and Style has information on how to use who and whom. There should not be a comma between arguably and his. There is no citation as to essay anyone arguing that Newton's greatest advancements were in mathematics. Forgiveness Kite Essay. This might be because it would be difficult to analytical essay prove in the face of the 2010, importance of Newtonian physics. Advancements is probably the wrong word.
Achievements or discoveries would be better. Newton's advancements are more likely to be funds paid in advance of publication. The addition of most importantly is awkward. Particularly would have been a better word. The use of analytical essay on barn burning, greatest and most importantly referring to Calculus is hyperbole. Essay Water. Given that this essay was for a Calculus class, it sounds like a kiss-up. The declarations of superiority are superfluous, unattributed, probably erroneous, and possibly pandering. It's all very ugly. A concluding sentence: Smith's great work, theories, and studies will continue to live on forever in the ever-changing world of burning, science and mathematics . How can the student know that Smith's work will live on forever?
That's an impossible assertion to make. Work, theories and studies don't live. They exist, but they are not organic creatures. If the world is ever-changing, how again can the essay 2010, student know that Smith's work won't one day be considered nonsense? Or lost entirely?
World is singular, but it refers to two worlds, one of on barn, science and one of mathematics. This conclusion reeks of hyperbole. (So does the phrase reeks of hyperbole, but this is not a formal essay.) A scientist before Smith by the name of Jones knew that he could demonstrate the ration between two infinite sums. The phrasing here is a bit awkward. It would be better phrased: Jones, a predecessor of Smith, knew that. Ration is the 123helpme, wrong word. The student meant ratio.
This is analytical burning one of those errors that a spell-check cannot find, but if the essay had been read aloud it may have been noticed. One man was proclaiming to be the inventor of the widgetiscope and another man was proclaiming the argumentative essay, exact same thing; who is telling the truth? The main problem here is the change in tense. On Barn Burning. You can't go from was to is if the subject remains fixed in time. Furthermore, it is incorrect to refer to someone who is south mexican dead as doing anything in the present besides being dead (and possibly rotting). A dead person is not telling anything right now, but they were in the past. Try to avoid using the analytical burning, passive form was proclaiming and instead use proclaimed.
This particular statement is also bad because of the essay land art, subject matter. The student has already shown in the essay that both men happened to independently invent the widgetiscope, but the issue is analytical burning who deserved the title for inventing it first . So actually, neither one was necessarily lying, and the student should not make it appear that one or the other may have been doing so. You must be careful not to libel people. The phrasing here is essay land art awkward and possibly a bit too conversational in analytical burning the final question. A better way of writing this would be: Two men proclaimed to be the inventor of calculus, but only essay on save water 2010, one could be given the credit. The argument was so drawn out that a decision was not easy to come by on barn burning, which worked against essay on reduce and recycling, Smith's favor. Jones had been considered the sole inventor of the widgetiscope for fifteen years already, which gave him the upper hand. The student meant to analytical essay say that the duration of the essay 123helpme, argument caused Smith to lose. But because the student failed to put the necessary comma between the essay on barn burning, bolded words, this sentence actually says, by means of a complicated string of multiple negatives, that it was not easy to come to a decision against Smith, meaning he won.
This sentence would be better worded this way: Because the argument took so long, Smith lost. But then, at the beginning of the next paragraph, the student writes: The argument took years to essay on reduce unravel and never really came to a definitive decision. This negates what the student had asserted before: that Smith lost because of the analytical burning, duration of the essay land art, argument. This also repeats the fact that it was a long argument, which is redundant. It was from the Greeks, where the essay on barn burning, underlying of widgetry emerged and set the kite essay, basis of what widgetry has become. The Greeks are a people, not a place, so things come from whom, not where. The comma in essay on barn burning this sentence should not be there. It sets up an expectation that the essay 123helpme, portion after the comma is a separate clause, as in: It was from the essay on barn, Greeks, who also invented blodgetry, that widgetry came forth.
Note that because the who is in the separate clause, it should not be whom. The underlying what ? You can't just say the underlying of essay land art, widgetry. Analytical Essay Burning. It has to be the underlying something of widgetry, whether that something is basis, foundation, etc. Although there was a time of intellectual heightening , there came a period of darkness in the development of mathematics (Ewards 45) . Intellectual heightening is an icky, awkward phrase. Essay On Reduce. Intellectual development would have been much better. In going over this old essay, I wondered if perhaps this was a typo of the analytical on barn, name Edwards. I checked the bibliography to confirm the name, and on reduce reuse and recycling, discovered that nothing by Ewards, Edwards, or any similar name was there at all. Had this gone noticed when the paper was being graded, serious questions would have been raised as to the validity of the on barn, student's sources and bibliography. Restaurant. Be sure to list all sources in your bibliography, and be sure to spell them correctly when citing! One motive of Sumerian algebra was to impose on themselves a concepts that they could not fully understand and precisely compute, and for this reason, rejected concepts of irrational as numbers, all traces of the infinite, such as limit concepts, from their own mathematics.
Motive applies to Sumerian algebra, not Sumerians. Therefore, that motive cannot be imposed on themselves. It should be written: One motive of the analytical, Sumerians concerning their algebra was to impose on themselves. although that is still an awkward phrase. Concepts should not be plural. This is sloppiness that probably could have been detected if the student had bothered to read over his essay. The sentence should end after compute. Argumentative Essay 123helpme. A new sentence should begin, For this reason. The word they should be put between reason and rejected to say: For this reason, they rejected concepts. This sentence is essay on barn so garbled with mismatched subclauses that adding another is just icky. I'd put such as limit concepts in parenthesis, or rewrite the sentence to bring that idea out on its own.
If Greek rigor had surmounted their need to succeed in kite runner essay these elements and analytical, refused to use real numbers and limits till they had finally understood them, calculus may have never formed and mathematics as a whole would be obsolete (Apostal 102). The verb refused applies to Greek rigor, not Greeks, which is nonsensical. Argumentative Essay. Be careful to ensure that your verbs match the analytical essay on barn burning, subject you intend for them. Don't use till when you mean until. That's colloquial at best, and not really a proper use of the word at all at worst. The proper phrase is have never been formed. Restaurant Dissertation. To say something never formed begs the analytical, question: What didn't it form? Even though there is a citation for this extreme declaration that mathematics as a whole would be obsolete, it's still probably hyperbole. I wonder if the source actually said that, or if the student's paraphrasing has overstated the source's point that mathematics might be different without the essay on reduce and recycling, advent of calculus.
Be careful that you don't paraphrase in such a way as to claim a source said something that they did not. If this source really says mathematics would be obsolete without calculus, it's a bad source. Analytical Essay On Barn. Such a statement would render even basic arithmetic and counting as obsolete, which is ridiculous. Essentially , it is a case of Smith's word against south mexican essay, a number of analytical essay on barn, suspicious details pointing against him. South. He acknowledged possession of a copy of part of one of analytical on barn burning, Jones' manuscripts, on more than one occasion he deliberately altered or added to essay and recycling important documents before publishing them, and a material date I none of his manuscripts had been falsified (1675 had been changed to analytical 1673) (Bogus, 78) Essentially isn't technically incorrect here, but students do have a tendency to use words like essentially and basically too often. It's somewhat conversational, and south park mexican essay, possibly colloquial. Try to avoid it unless something is analytical essay burning truly essential. A number of suspicious details pointing against him is an awkward way of saying: suspicions of his guilt. But what the student means is not suspicions, but points of evidence. When you list several examples of something you've indicated, the way to punctuate it is essay and recycling as follows (note the placement of the colon and subsequent semicolons): [Point being made]:[proof 1];[proof 2];[proof 3]; and[proof 4].
This way each proof can have punctuation such as commas without being confused with other points, and essay on barn, each proof still points to the main part of the sentence. This entire thing should be rewritten to forgiveness kite runner say: It is a case of Smith's word against the evidence of his guilt: he acknowledged possession of a copy of Jones' manuscripts; on more than one occasion he deliberately altered or added to important documents before publishing them; and analytical essay on barn burning, his manuscripts had been falsified by dissertation, changing 1675 to 1673 (Bogus, 78). After quoting a dictionary definition: The editors of the famous dictionary are probably unaware of the fact that they have just committed a cardinal sin in the mathematical world , in on barn that they only described fingleish widgetry, and failed to include an explanation of fnordleish widgetry. It's okay to question a source, and at south essay, higher levels of education it might even be required. But if you're going to do it, be careful to analytical do it well and with evidence. Essay Land Art. This just sounds presumptuous. The student has not shown whether or not the dictionary has separate definitions for widgetry or otherwise accounts for its apparent lack of sufficient definition. Saying the dictionary is famous is probably unnecessary, and possibly hyperbole.
A cardinal sin is essay burning a sin of fundamental importance. In the Judeo-Christian context, this would mean something very bad, like murder. Thus, calling a disagreement in definition in on save water 2010 a dictionary a cardinal sin is definitely hyperbole. Even if it was a cardinal sin, the sin was committed in the dictionary, not in the mathematical world. The student meant against analytical burning, the mathematical world. It is surprising how people could be satisfied such a vague definition, as was the case in Webster's Dictionary, on a subject that has tested such great minds for centuries upon essay land art centuries . It is surprising how students could be satisfied with such drivel in their essays. That sounds nasty, doesn't it?
That's because it is. Sentences like this are insulting and off-putting, and analytical, don't belong in essay and recycling a formal essay. Analytical On Barn. Such great minds requires an example. The word such should be omitted. Centuries upon centuries is redundant. Just say centuries and leave it at essay land art, that. Jones' first object in Paris was to analytical on barn burning make contact with the French government but, while waiting for south park essay, such an opportunity, he made contact with mathematicians and on barn burning, philosophers there, in particular Davis and essay land art, Myers, discussing with Davis a variety of topics but particularly church reunification (Bugle 57). An object is analytical on barn burning a thing. The student means Jones' first objective. This is essay land art a bad run-on. It should be broken up like this:
Jones' first objective in Paris was to make contact with the French government, but while waiting for an opportunity to do so, he made contact with mathematicians and philosophers such as Davis and Myers. Analytical Essay On Barn Burning. He discussed a variety of topics with Davis, particularly church reunification (Bugle 57). Smith's contribution to math has helped our society become more technological in building things . In this particular case, Smith made many contributions, not just one. Math is the colloquial version of mexican essay, mathematics. Did Smith's contributions only help our society? What about other societies?
More technological in building things is a really awkward way of saying improved our technological aptitude. Undoubtedly, Jones was one of the analytical essay, greatest geniuses that ever lived and essay on save water, this paper will demonstrate that, starting from his childhood until his death . Smith may have been a genius, but to blow that up to one of the analytical on barn, greatest geniuses that ever lived is restaurant dissertation hyperbole. Even if it is true, the paper didn't demonstrate it because the paper didn't compare Smith to other great geniuses that have lived. The paper showed that Smith was a genius, perhaps, but not his rank amongst all of the geniuses that have ever lived. If you start from something, you go to or follow through to another something. The phrase starting from his childhood until his death actually means you're starting from the section of time inclusively between his childhood and on barn, death and not saying where you're going. Essay Land Art. Furthermore, the analytical essay on barn burning, paper does not start from Smith's childhood because it was not being written when Smith was a child. The student means, starting with his childhood and following through to his death. Restaurant Dissertation. That is essay burning still awkward, and the sentence would be best written: Undoubtedly, Jones was a genius, and this paper will demonstrate that by examining his entire life. So John lived for seven years with his mother's parents who did not really show him any affection . So in this context is colloquial and should be omitted.
This really should be cited. John's address may be a matter of public record and therefore doesn't have to be cited, but comments on the emotional quality of the household imply research, and the student should give credit to the source. Really is colloquial, and should be omitted. While at Cambridge, Smith's genius was most productive in his dedication to dissertation math . Who is burning Smith's genius? The student means Smith's intellect, but an south park intellect cannot be productive. It facilitates productivity, but it is not productive itself. A better way to write this would be: Smith's intellect was best displayed in his dedication. Math is colloquial. It should be mathematics. This information helps us to understand how we, as humans stay on the ground; we are matter as well and do have an invisible force weighing us down as we push against on barn, it and it pushes back against forgiveness runner essay, us . This hand full of knowledge has helped our scientist understand our universe of heavenly bodies and their movement. It has also allowed scientist to delve further in exploring our galaxy.
Does gravity only essay on barn burning, affect humans? Granted, the argumentative essay 123helpme, student is trying to make the science seem more personal, but this is an awkward way of doing it. It is also something that seems to burning indicate an essay land art essay geared to children. On Barn. While you should usually write essays so they can be understood by laypersons, you can assume those laypersons are your age and intellectual peers. The description of the invisible force is very awkward. A better wording would be: do have an invisible force that we push against as it pushes back against us. Gravity does not, in fact, weigh people down. The student's own definition of it earlier in park mexican the essay mentions this, and here too it is accurately described as a push, not a pull. Burning. To add in the bit about it weighing us down is contradictory. The student means handful.
This is a bad description anyway, since the student is trying to show how this knowledge is monumental to scientists. Both instances of scientist should be pluralized. One delves further into something, not in essay land art it. The Royal Society always had someone coming in each week they met to show off their invention . Always had someone coming in is colloquial and awkward. It should say: The Royal Society hosted a guest each week. The second part of this is a separate sentence and should be capitalized and punctuated accordingly, or else brought into the first sentence with appropriate conjunctions. Show off is colloquial. Analytical Essay On Barn. Demonstrate would be better. Since more than one invention was demonstrated, invention should be plural. A concluding paragraph:
Jones was a great man who made an impact in all of our lives . He is recognized as one of the essay reuse and recycling, centuries brilliant-minded people who helped to further math along. This intellectual man has created something which has and will be used for years to come. On Barn. This is an important part of history which will and should never be forgotten. The essay has shown that Jones was brilliant and invented some useful things. It has not, however, demonstrated that he was a great man.
A great man is one that embodies greatness in all things, including attitude, relationships with others, and their contributions to their society. Jones may have been all of this, but the forgiveness kite runner, essay did not reflect it, so it is analytical burning hyperbole to declare it in the conclusion. Essay. It is also a highly subjective comment; what makes someone great to one person may not for another. Centuries is the plural of century, not the possessive. The student means century's. But Jones was not of our current century, so the student should define which century they mean.
Impacts are made on, not in. Analytical Essay Burning. If by all of us the student means everyone on the planet, this is incorrect. Forgiveness Runner Essay. Jones' contributions to mathematics hardly impact the analytical on barn, life of someone living in a non-literate, non-industrialized society. Even if the student merely means her peers, it is still hyperbole to on save 2010 declare that everyone has been impacted. If you're going to mention that the person did something in your conclusion, mention what that something is. While it is unlikely that Jones' history will be forgotten, the student cannot effectively predict the future in analytical burning this way. Some of these comments may seem nitpicky, but the essay, fact of the matter is errors such as these reflect poorly on you and your essay.
No one is perfect, and an essay with one or two awkward phrases won't be marked down just for those instances. But an analytical on barn essay that is full of the errors listed above prevents the reader from understanding the content. If the instructor doesn't know what you mean, they can't possibly give you a good grade. Last updated in February 2005. Copyright #169 2000-2005 Kimberly Chapman.
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mars essay Where there is no vision, the people perish. Before space exploration, Mars was considered the best candidate for analytical essay on barn burning harboring extraterrestrial life. Astronomers thought they saw straight lines crisscrossing its surface. This led to forgiveness kite runner essay the popular belief that irrigation canals on the planet had been constructed by intelligent beings. In 1938, when Orson Welles broadcasted a radio drama based on the science fiction classic War of the Worlds by H.G. Wells, enough people believed in the tale of invading Martians to cause a near panic. Another reason for scientists to expect life on Mars had to do with the apparent seasonal color changes on the planet's surface. This phenomenon led to speculation that conditions might support a bloom of Martian vegetation during the warmer months and cause plant life to become dormant during colder periods.
In July of 1965, Mariner 4, transmitted 22 close-up pictures of Mars. All that was revealed was a surface containing many craters and naturally occurring channels but no evidence of artificial canals or flowing water. Finally, in July and September 1976, Viking Landers 1 and 2 touched down on the surface of Mars. Analytical On Barn? The three biology experiments aboard the landers discovered unexpected and essay land art enigmatic chemical activity in the Martian soil, but provided no clear evidence for the presence of living microorganisms in the soil near the landing sites. According to mission biologists, Mars is self-sterilizing. They believe the combination of solar ultraviolet radiation that saturates the surface, the extreme dryness of the soil and the oxidizing nature of the soil chemistry prevent the on barn, formation of living organisms in the Martian soil. Restaurant Dissertation? The question of life on Mars at some time in the distant past remains open. Other instruments found no sign of organic chemistry at either landing site, but they did provide a precise and definitive analysis of the composition of the Martian atmosphere and found previously undetected trace elements.
The atmosphere of Mars is quite different from analytical burning, that of restaurant dissertation, Earth. It is composed primarily of carbon dioxide with small amounts of other gases. The six most common components of the atmosphere are: Carbon Dioxide (CO2): 95.32% Nitrogen (N2): 2.7% Argon (Ar): 1.6% Oxygen (O2): 0.13% Water (H2O): 0.03% Neon (Ne): 0.00025 % Martian air contains only about 1/1,000 as much water as our air, but even this small amount can condense out, forming clouds that ride high in the atmosphere or swirl around the slopes of towering volcanoes. Local patches of early morning fog can form in valleys. At the Viking Lander 2 site, a thin layer of water frost covered the ground each winter. There is evidence that in essay on barn burning, the past a denser martian atmosphere may have allowed water to flow on the planet. Physical features closely resembling shorelines, gorges, riverbeds and islands suggest that great rivers once marked the planet. The average recorded temperature on essay land art Mars is -63° C (-81° F) with a maximum temperature of 20° C (68° F) and a minimum of -140° C (-220° F). Barometric pressure varies at each landing site on a semiannual basis. Essay On Barn? Carbon dioxide, the major constituent of the forgiveness kite runner essay, atmosphere, freezes out to on barn burning form an immense polar cap, alternately at each pole. Essay Reuse And Recycling? The carbon dioxide forms a great cover of snow and then evaporates again with the coming of essay on barn burning, spring in each hemisphere.
When the southern cap was largest, the essay reuse, mean daily pressure observed by Viking Lander 1 was as low as 6.8 millibars; at other times of the year it was as high as 9.0 millibars. The pressures at the Viking Lander 2 site were 7.3 and 10.8 millibars. In comparison, the average pressure of the Earth is 1000 millibars. Carbon Monoxide (CO) This image of mars came from analytical essay, a series of pictures taken by the Mars Global Surveyor wide angle cameras. A map was created and park mexican essay then wrapped around a sphere to generate this view of Mars. Here, bluish-white water ice clouds hang above the Tharsis volcanoes. (Copyright 2005 by Calvin J. Hamilton) This image is a large mosaic of the Valles Marineris [VAL-less mar-uh-NAIR-iss] hemisphere of Mars. It is a view similar to that which one would see from a spacecraft. The lower center of the scene shows the entire Valles Marineris canyon system, more than 3,000 kilometers (1,860 miles) long and up to 8 kilometers (5 miles) deep, extending from Noctis Labyrinthus, the arcuate system of graben to the west, to the chaotic terrain to the east. Many huge ancient river channels begin from the chaotic terrain and north-central canyons and essay on barn burning run north.
Many of the channels flowed into a basin called Acidalia Planitia, which is the dark area in essay land art, the extreme north of this picture. The three Tharsis volcanoes (dark red spots), each about 25 kilometers (16 miles) high, are visible to the west along with Olympus Mons the largest volcano on the planet. Very ancient terrain covered by many impact craters lies to the south of Valles Marineris. The polar cap can be seen to the north. (Copyright Calvin J. Hamilton) The current understanding of the interior of Mars suggests that it can be modeled with a thin crust, similar to Earth's, a mantle and a core. Using four parameters, the Martian core size and mass can be determined. However, only three out of the four are known and include the analytical burning, total mass, size of Mars, and essay 123helpme the moment of inertia. Mass and size was determined accurately from early missions. The moment of inertia was determined from Viking lander and analytical on barn burning Pathfinder Doppler data, by measuring the precession rate of argumentative, Mars. The fourth parameter, needed to complete the analytical essay on barn burning, interior model, will be obtained from future spacecraft missions. With the three known parameters, the model is significantly constrained.
If the Martian core is dense (composed of iron) similar to Earth's or SNC meteorites thought to mexican originate from Mars, then the minimum core radius would be about 1300 kilometers. If the core is made out of analytical essay on barn, less-dense material such as a mixture of sulfur and iron, the maximum radius would probably be less than 2000 kilometers. (Copyright 1998 by Calvin J. Forgiveness Kite Runner Essay? Hamilton) A towering dust devil, casts a serpentine shadow over the Martian surface in this image acquired by the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) camera on analytical essay burning NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. The scene is a late-spring afternoon in mexican essay, the Amazonis Planitia region of northern Mars. The view covers an area about analytical on barn, four-tenths of a mile (644 meters) across. North is toward the top. The length of the dusty whirlwind's shadow indicates that the dust plume reaches more than half a mile (800 meters) in height. The plume is about 30 yards or meters in essay land art, diameter. A westerly breeze partway up the height of the analytical essay on barn burning, dust devil produced a delicate arc in the plume. The image was taken during the time of Martian year when the planet is farthest from the sun. Just as on Earth, winds on Mars are powered by solar heating.
Exposure to the sun's rays declines during this season, yet even now, dust devils act relentlessly to clean the restaurant dissertation, surface of analytical essay burning, freshly deposited dust, a little at a time. Argumentative Essay? (Courtesy NASA/JPL-Caltech/Univ. of Arizona) This image is a newly released topographic map of Mars. The full range of topography on Mars is about 19 miles (30 kilometers), one and a half times the range of elevations found on analytical essay on barn burning Earth, The most curious aspect of the map is the striking difference between the planet's low, smooth Northern Hemisphere and the heavily cratered Southern Hemisphere, which sits, on average, about three miles (five kilometers) higher than the north. (Courtesy GSFC/NASA) This image is a mosaic of the Schiaparelli hemisphere of Mars. The center of this image is near the restaurant dissertation, impact crater Schiaparelli, 450 kilometers (280 miles) in analytical essay on barn, diameter. The dark streaks with bright margins emanating from essay on save 2010, craters in the Oxie Palus region, upper left of image, are caused by erosion and/or deposition by the wind. Analytical Burning? Bright white areas to the south, including the essay 123helpme, Hellas impact basin at essay on barn burning, extreme lower right, are covered by restaurant dissertation carbon dioxide frost. (Courtesy USGS) This image shows part of analytical essay on barn burning, Candor Chasm in Valles Marineris. Essay On Save 2010? It is centered at Latitude -5.0, Longitude 70.0.
The view is from the north looking into the chasm. Candor Chasm's geomorphology is complex, shaped by tectonics, mass wasting, wind, and perhaps by water and on barn volcanism. (Courtesy USGS) This picture (centered at latitude 4° S, longitude 76° W) shows areas of essay land art, central Valles Marineris, including Candor Chasm (lower left), Ophir Chasm (lower right), and Hebes Chasm (upper right). Complex layered deposits in the canyons may have been deposited in lakes, and on barn burning if so, are of great interest for future searches for fossil life on Mars. The pinkish deposits in Candor Chasm may be due to hydrothermal alterations and the production of crystalline ferric oxides. ((Geissler et al., 1993, Icarus 106,380). Viking Orbiter Picture Numbers 279B02 (violet), 279B10 (green), and 279B12 (red) at 240 meters/pixel resolution. Picture width is 231 kilometers.
North is 47° clockwise from top.) Ophir Chasma is a large west-northwest-trending trough about on reduce reuse and recycling, 100 km wide. The Chasma is bordered by 4 km high walled cliffs, most likely faults, that show spur-and-gully morphology and smooth sections. The walls have been dissected by landslides forming reentrants; one area (upper left) on the north wall shows a young landslide about 100 km wide. The volume of the landslide debris is more than 1000 times greater than that from the May 18, 1980 debris avalanche from Mount St. Helens. The longitudinal grooves seen in the foreground are thought to be due to differential shear and lateral spreading at high velocities. Analytical On Barn? The landslide passes between mounds of interior layered deposits on the floor of the chasma. On Reduce And Recycling? (Courtesy USGS)
Although Valles Marineris originated as a tectonic structure, it has been modified by other processes. This image shows a close-up view of a landslide on the south wall of analytical on barn, Valles Marineris. This landslide partially removed the 123helpme, rim of the crater that is on the plateau adjacent to Valles Marineris. Note the texture of the landslide deposit where it flowed across the floor of analytical essay on barn burning, Valles Marineris. Several distinct layers can be seen in the walls of the trough. These layers may be regions of distinct chemical composition or mechanical properties in the Martian crust. (Copyright Calvin J. Essay And Recycling? Hamilton; Caption: LPI) These Hubble Space Telescope views provide the analytical on barn burning, most detailed complete global coverage of the Red Planet ever seen from Earth. The pictures were taken on February 25, 1995, when Mars was at a distance of 103 million kilometers (65 million miles). Argumentative? To the surprise of analytical on barn, researchers, Mars is cloudier than seen in previous years.
This means the essay land art, planet is cooler and drier, because water vapor in the atmosphere freezes out to form ice-crystal clouds. The three images show the Tharsis, Valles Marineris and Syrtis Major regions. (Credit: Philip James, University of Toledo; Steven Lee, University of Colorado; and NASA) This image of the head of Ravi Vallis shows a 300-kilometer (186-mile) long portion of on barn burning, a channel. Like many other channels that empty into the northern plains of Mars, Ravi Vallis orginates in a region of collapsed and disrupted (chaotic) terrain within the planet's older, cratered highlands. Structures in argumentative essay 123helpme, these channels indicate that they were carved by liquid water moving at essay on barn, high flow rates. The abrupt beginning of the channel, with no apparent tributaries, suggests that the water was released under great pressure from beneath a confining layer of essay land art, frozen ground. As this water was released and flowed away, the overlying surface collapsed, producing the disruption and subsidence shown here.
Three such regions of chaotic collapsed material are seen in this image, connected by a channel whose floor was scoured by the flowing water. The flow in this channel was from west to east (left to right). Essay? This channel ultimately links up with a system of channels that flowed northward into water, Chryse Basin. (Copyright Calvin J. Hamilton; Caption: LPI) The water that carved the channels to the north and east of the Valles Marineris canyon system had tremendous erosive power. One consequence of essay, this erosion was the formation of streamlined islands where the south mexican, water encountered obstacles along its path. This image shows two streamlined islands that formed as the water was diverted by two 8-10 kilometer (5-6 mile) diameter craters lying near the mouth of Ares Vallis in analytical, Chryse Planitia.
The water flowed from south to north (bottom to top of the image). Essay Land Art? The height of the scarp surrounding the upper island is about 400 meters (1,300 feet), while the scarp surrounding the analytical on barn burning, southern island is argumentative essay, about 600 meters (2,000 feet) high. (Copyright Calvin J. Analytical Essay? Hamilton; Caption: LPI) Unlike the features shown in the above two images, many systems on Mars do not show evidence of catastrophic flooding. Instead, they show a resemblance to drainage systems on Earth, where water acts at slow rates over long periods of time. As on Earth, the channels shown here merge together to form larger channels. However, these valley networks are less developed than typical terrestrial drainage systems, with the Martian examples lacking small-scale streams feeding into the larger valleys. Because of the absence of small-scale streams in the Martian valley networks, it is thought that the valleys were carved primarily by ground water flow rather than by runoff of argumentative essay, rain. Although liquid water is currently unstable on the surface of Mars, theoretical studies indicate that flowing groundwater might be able to form valley networks if the water flowed beneath a protective cover of ice.
Alternatively, because the valley networks are confined to relatively old regions of Mars, their presence may indicate that Mars once possessed a warmer and wetter climate in its early history. Analytical On Barn Burning? (Copyright Calvin J. Hamilton; Caption: LPI) This image shows the south polar cap of Mars as it appears near its minimum size of 2010, about 400 kilometers (249 miles). It consists mainly of frozen carbon dioxide. Analytical? This carbon dioxide cap never melts completely. The ice appears reddish due to dust that has been incorporated into the cap. (Courtesy NASA) This image is an water, oblique view of the north polar cap of analytical essay on barn, Mars.
Unlike the essay and recycling, south polar cap, the north polar cap probably consists of water-ice. (Copyright Calvin J. Analytical On Barn Burning? Hamilton) One of the south park mexican, discoveries of the Mariner 9 spacecraft was that the south polar cap of Mars was made of thin layers or laminations of ice and sediment. Four years later, on October 10, 1976, the Viking 2 spacecraft took this picture of the Martian north polar cap. The visible layering occurred as a result of wind born dust settling upon the polar cap. As the caps experience climatic variations, they expand and contract. The layers of dust sediment tend to grow thicker near the poles where ice deposits remain for analytical on barn longer periods of time. Essay Water 2010? The thickness of the deposits indicates they were formed during cyclical climatic variation rather than annual changes. As ice withdraws from essay on barn, a region, wind exposes the layers sculpting valleys and scarps.
The formation of layered deposits is an active process today. Park Essay? (Copyright 1998 by Calvin J. Analytical On Barn Burning? Hamilton) This image shows several dune types which are found in the north circumpolar dunefield. This thumnail image shows a section of transverse dunes. The full image has a field of traverse dunes on the left and barchan dunes on on save the right with a transition zone inbetween. Transverse dunes are oriented perpendicular to the prevailing wind direction. They are long and linear, and frequently join their neighbor in a low-angle Y junction. Barchan dunes are crescent-shaped mounds with downwind-pointing horns. These dunes are comparable in size to the largest dunes found on the Earth. (Copyright Calvin J. Hamilton)
Local dust storms are relatively common on Mars. They tend to occur in areas of analytical essay, high topographic and/or high thermal gradients (usually near the polar caps), where surface winds would be strongest. This storm is several hundreds of kilometers in essay land art, extent and essay is located near the edge of the south polar cap. Essay Land Art? Some local storms grow larger, others die out. (Copyright Calvin J. Hamilton; caption by LPI) This image shows a lesser known, but unusual feature on Mars. It is commonly called White Rock . The white feature is eroded crater fill, but exactly how it was formed has not been satisfactorily explained. Analytical Essay Burning? White Rock was not formed by polar processes because it lies near to the equator at latitude -8 degrees and longitude 355 degrees. It has been modified through aeolian erosion showing transverse and longitudinal erosional features. (Copyright 1998 by Calvin J. Hamilton) This oblique image taken by the Viking orbiter spacecraft shows a thin band of the Martian atmosphere.
This image looks northeast across the Argyre basin. The Argyre basin is about 600 kilometers across with a rugged rim of about 500 kilometers in width. (Copyright 1997 by Calvin J. Essay Land Art? Hamilton) The following table summarizes the radius, mass, distance from the planet center, discoverer and the date of discovery of each of the moons of essay on barn burning, Mars: Beatty, J. Kite? K. and A. Chaikin, eds. Analytical On Barn Burning? The New Solar System . Massachusetts: Sky Publishing, 3rd Edition, 1990. Carr M. H. The Surface of Mars . Yale University Press, New Haven, 1981. Kiefer, Walter S., Allan H. Treiman, and Stephen M. Clifford. The Red Planet: A Survey of Mars - Slide Set. Lunar and argumentative 123helpme Planetary Institute. Mutch T. Analytical On Barn Burning? A., Arvidson R. E., Head J. W. III, Jones K. L., and argumentative essay Saunders R. S. The Geology of Mars.
Princeton University Press, Princeton, 1976. Williams, Steven H. The Winds of Mars: Aeolian Activity and analytical on barn Landforms - Slide Set. Lunar and Planetary Institute. Views of the Solar System Copyright © 1995-2011 by Calvin J. On Reduce Reuse And Recycling? Hamilton. All rights reserved.
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Amy Tan and Richard Rodgriguez Essay Sample. Language is the system of words or signs that people use to express thoughts and feelings to each other. Language has an impulse on a person that allows them to make ties with a certain society, thus giving them a cultural identification. When residents of analytical on barn burning, another country come to America and speak a contrasting language to English, immigrants most likely feel uneasy having to argumentative, adapt to a completely new culture and learn the English language. Analytical Essay Burning. During this journey, the individuals’ cultural identities might fade away as well as losing their efficient fluency on their native language. In Amy Tan’s, “Mother Tongue” and Richard Rodriguez “Aria: A Memoir of A Bilingual Childhood”, both authors experience the difficulties of language barrier and adjusting to a different lifestyle in order to develop as an individual in dissertation, the United States. Having a cultural identity can cause the public to view you as “different.” Due to this matter, the analytical essay burning “normal” individuals will try to restaurant, avoid any interaction with you. This is one of the analytical essay on barn obstacles immigrants have to face when adapting to the American culture.
In the essay, “Aria: Memoir of a bilingual Childhood” written by Richard Rodriguez, Rodriguez experienced the struggles of being a bilingual Hispanic being raised in argumentative, the American society. Rodriguez’s family was considered as “foreigners on the block” and sometimes the neighbors would make them feel unwelcomed. For this reason, Rodriguez felt intimidated and felt the need to analytical on barn, leave behind his Hispanic culture. Restaurant Dissertation. He allows the reader to see his change from standing out to fitting in, from speaking his “intimate” language – Spanish to speaking English and analytical essay transitioning into the American culture. Rodriguez accentuates you must be fluent in a public language in order to “belong” and be able to take in south park essay, “social or political advantages” in able to analytical essay, amass a “public language.” Rodriguez continues to essay, affirm that, “The social and political advantages I enjoy as a man result from the day that I came to believe that my name is indeed “Rich-head Road-ree-guess.” Rodriguez pleas that the public language, which for this situation is English, will provide better opportunities for those who are able speak the on barn “public language.” For Rodriguez the “public language” exposed him to 2010, greater opportunities that he would not be have been able to have access to if he did learn the English language. In an admirable essay that describes language deeper than just words, accent marks, punctuation, and letters, but to show us depth of on barn, a persons worth. Restaurant Dissertation. Amy Tan discusses “limited” or “broken” English – a language she uses with her Chinese immigrant mother who isn’t fluent with the English language.
The language that Tan describes as “limited” is very personal to her. In the essay, Tan says, “It#8217;s my mother tongue. Her language, as I hear it, is vivid, direct, full of on barn, observation and imagery. That was the language that helped shape the way I saw things, expressed things, made sense of the world.” Tan tries to show us that her mothers “limited” or “broken” English is essay and recycling equivalent to essay on barn, the “right” English, but it shaped her into the person that she is today. Essay. In Tan’s text, she suggests that our first or main language that we learned has an effect on how an analytical burning, individual will look from the outside looking in. Reuse And Recycling. The spoken communication we use plays a major role on the person we develop into and how different our perspective can be for essay burning certain situations – our personal individuality is linked to our language.
Tan shows the readers that immigrants like her mothers who are not fluent in forgiveness kite runner essay, English tend to be discriminated for the lack of “intelligence” they have due to them being from a different country. For this situation, their public image is perceived to others as unintelligent – which is often incorrect. Tan shares personal experiences about how her mother was treated. Essay Burning. “People in department stores, at banks, and at restaurants did not take her seriously, did not give her good service, pretended to not to understand her, or even acted as if they did not hear her.” There was also a situation where an arrogant hospital staff claimed they lost her test results and denied her requests. She was treated in a disrespectful manner due to the fact that she spoke “broken” English. When Tan demanded her mothers test results speaking her “correct” English, the hospital staff apologized and fulfilled her mothers requests.
This shows the power of language, one can be identified as an restaurant, odd one out, and burning often unreasonably treated as an reuse, inferior. I am not an analytical essay burning, immigrant, but from essay reuse, personal experience my parents were once “aliens” to this country. After 20 years, they still sometimes struggle trying to understand the American culture. Analytical On Barn. I remember when I was younger, also like Tan, I’d be embarrassed hearing my mother speak on the phone with a representative trying to pay a light bill, or hearing my father talk to park mexican essay, the cashier at a grocery store. But as I grew older, I am finally realizing to embrace my culture. Burning. I love being able to speak and fully understand two complete different languages. I realized this is who I am, this is where I come from, and this language shaped me into the person that I am today. Both Rodriguez and Tan express that they and their families over came a battle with being immigrants and argumentative essay entering into the United States.
Language is the system of communication used by a particular community or country. Burning. It is also crucial aspect to our public identities. The two authors taught us to never forget and embrace our cultural identities. Tan, Amy. #8220;Mother Tongue#8221;#8221; English 1301 Course Site, n.d. Web.
09 Oct. 2014. Rodriguez, Richard. #8220;Aria: A Memoir of a Bilingual Childhood.#8221; English 1301 Course Site, n.d. Web. 09 Oct. 2014. Is this the perfect essay for you?
Save time and order Amy Tan and dissertation Richard Rodgriguez. essay editing for only $13.9 per page. Top grades and quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for Amy Tan and Richard Rodgriguez. As a son of Mexican American immigrants, Richard Rodriguez recounts the story of his childhood and his struggle to assimilate into analytical American culture. In Aria: A memoir of a Bilingual#8230; Rodriguez faces a few tensions in his personal experience such as being a #8220;scholarship boy#8221; as oppose to south park mexican essay, a well rounded student and and his life at home compared to#8230; 50 Essays: A Portable Anthology. Does the language you speak reflect your personal and cultural Identity? The United States of America is burning one of the most diverse countries in the world and for that reason#8230; Ways to Improve Your English Speaking. English speaking has many values and is important for people in every country, people who meet with different people and share different culture. English language is going up the national#8230; What Makes an American? While observing America and its social structure, being a college student who migrated to this country just nine years ago makes me wonder where I stand. Technically, I am no#8230; Cause and essay land art effect of bilingual education in early childhood.
Bilingual education, in early childhood, promotes quality education and a better understanding of analytical on barn burning, different cultures. There are two ways bilingual education is used. Dissertation. One way is when English speakers learn#8230;
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essay on pol pot A WORLD TO WIN #25 (1999) What Went Wrong with the Pol Pot Regime. I. AN OVERVIEW OF THIS ARTICLE. In April 1975, two weeks before the fall of Saigon in analytical Vietnam, an army of ragged, thin and very young peasant men and women defeated the US-backed government in neighbouring Cambodia. In January 1979, some 44 months later, this new regime was swept from dissertation, power and scattered by analytical essay, invading Vietnamese soldiers. A major problem in other analyses of this experience is the foregone conclusion that it was irrational and therefore basically inexplicable. We've looked at it through the lens of dialectical materialist reason, examining who was trying to do what - their politics and policies - and further, what was possible in that objective situation, and the results of those policies. Forgiveness Runner. This is why we have focused on basic questions the CPK had to solve. II.
BACKGROUND TO VICTORY. THE ANGKOR KINGDOM. Cambodia arose out of the Angkor kingdom that flourished from the ninth through the fourteenth centuries. Half a millennium later, with the rise of the modern nation, the temple complex those kings had built (now called Angkor Wat) was to become the icon of the Khmer national identity for all those who sought to raise the national banner. The French started out (like the British) drawing their profit from the opium trade and alcohol, but soon this was not enough. In 1884, French gunboats sailed up the Mekong from Vietnam. Their troops marched into the palace and made the king sign over virtually all power. Analytical. The point was to establish ownership of the land in Cambodia so that French plantations could be set up, along with the imposition of harsh taxes. When peasants rose up against the French, the colonialists brought in troops from Vietnam.
According to some historians, they killed two hundred thousand people, 20% of the population. Norodom, who at first had called for essay 123helpme the revolt, two years later betrayed it, once again in return for keeping his kingdom. As Mao said, when the productive forces are held back by social relations, the tools speak through people. Resistance arose against these social relations that condemned the people to analytical burning poverty in what had once been a rich land. Buddhist monks had played a prominent role in the wars against the French in the 19th century. By the 1930s and '40s, Buddhist wats (temples) became centres of national resistance, first against the French and then against the Japanese. While Buddhism as an ideology was a main prop of the social system, the Buddhist church was also the only source of south mexican, education (the French established no schools), the centre of intellectual life and the only real national institution aside from the monarchy. Most young men spent a few years as monks. Analytical Essay Burning. This meant that various political trends were nurtured in the monasteries.
THE EARLY COMMUNIST MOVEMENT. In 1930, as winds of revolution began to rise in the world, and in the context of revolutionary war in China, the Comintern (Communist International) directed the argumentative essay 123helpme Vietnamese leader Ho Chi Minh to found the Indochinese Communist Party (ICP). This Party's core was in burning Vietnam, where the communist movement was by far the park most advanced in analytical essay the region. Laos was and restaurant remained the Indochinese country where it was least developed. In Cambodia, at first the analytical only Party members were Vietnamese rubber plantation workers in the east and middle-class ethnic Chinese urban dwellers. Essay Land Art. Later, in the wake of the Buddhist-led anti-colonial movement of the 1940s, the essay Party began to recruit among the young monks, and for the next two decades many Party cadre and leaders were ex-monks. The Cambodian communists were left with empty hands. They were obligated to dissolve their armed forces.
About a thousand people, about half of the revolutionary activists at forgiveness kite runner essay, that time, left Cambodia on ships bound for northern Vietnam along with the Vietnamese troops who had been fighting in Cambodia. What was a partial victory for Vietnam was an enormous setback for Cambodia. Analytical Burning. This experience had a far-reaching impact on the future leadership core of the CPK, both those who spent these war years at university in mexican Paris and analytical those like Pol Pot who returned just in time to see their hopes completely frustrated. POL POT BECOMES CHAIRMAN. The Cambodian Party's second Party congress in argumentative 1966 marked a turning point. Its name was changed and Pol Pot became the analytical on barn CPK's chairman. Most of the Party leadership and essay land art a large part of its rank and on barn burning file (which included many students and teachers) withdrew into the countryside. Essay. The centre of gravity began to shift, first to the eastern border, where contact and co-operation was re-established with the analytical on barn burning Vietnamese communists, and then to Ratanakari province, in the isolated northeast hills. The Party began to build clandestine organisation in the countryside in preparation for armed struggle.
It won the support of the tribal hill people who had long suffered under the central government. With these moves, the CPK was moving away from the Vietnamese Party, which still held that there was no revolutionary situation in Cambodia and that therefore it was wrong to endanger co-operation with Sihanouk. 13 Yet ironically, the and recycling situation in Cambodia was becoming increasingly conditioned by the war in Vietnam, and this heating up was to intensify Cambodia's internal contradictions to the breaking point. The rebellion lasted from on barn burning, April through May. THE US SECRET WAR IN CAMBODIA. In March 1969 the US launched its secret bombing campaign of Cambodia. Panicked, Sihanouk invited Jackie Kennedy (widow of the American president) for a visit and re-established relations with the US But it was too late. In March 1970, Sihanouk's prime minister, General Lon Nol, on whom Sihanouk had relied to repress the communists since the beginning, overthrew him in a US-orchestrated coup.
At the end of April, the U.S invaded Cambodia. Some 30,000 US troops and 40,000 troops from South Vietnam rampaged through eastern Cambodia for two months with the declared aim of rooting out the Vietnamese NLF fighters, who shifted westward to runner avoid a decisive battle. Sihanouk fled to Paris and then Peking. China offered to support him on the condition that he take up the analytical on barn burning war against US imperialism. Essay Land Art. A few days later, Sihanouk issued a call to arms to on barn burning the Cambodian people, as head of a National United Front of Kampuchea (usually known by its French initials, FUNK) whose core was the restaurant Khmer Rouge.
He also called for a summit conference to unite the Indochinese peoples against US imperialism. Sihanouk was made head of state of the FUNK's government in exile, the Royal Government of burning, National Union, but the kite FUNK's programme was silent on what role Sihanouk would play in a post-liberation government. If the CPK had little holding it up but the support of the people, the US had little to hold up the Lon Nol regime up but B-52s. Even his American advisors considered his regime a disaster. It was so corrupt and incompetent that as many as half the soldiers on its roster didn't really exist but were merely a device for the generals to analytical essay on barn burning pocket their pay. Proportionally, his army was many times more general-ridden than any other in the world. In the face of constant US carpet-bombing, the CPK, like the Vietnamese, used an effective tactic: its fighters moved in as close as possible to the government forces. Most of the casualties were civilians; further, the essay ravages of explosives and napalm destruction were turning vast areas of the countryside into wastelands, while able-bodied young men were obliged to fight for one side or the other. Essay Burning. The question of on save 2010, feeding the people and the troops became increasingly acute on both sides.
Rice riots shook refugee-swollen Phnom Penh. By now the US had to essay on barn burning supply rice in massive quantities. So much did Lon Nol's survival depend on this that the reuse US Embassy was cabling home weekly reports on analytical rice stocks. NATIONALISM AND REVISIONISM. To return to the four issues posed at the beginning of this article: III. VICTORY WASTED. The liberation of Phnom Penh came on 17 April 1975. Essay Land Art. The final assault had begun on the first day of the year. Revolutionary troops cut off Highway One linking Phnom Penh to Saigon.
They strung Chinese-supplied water mines on cables across the Mekong and pulled them up as ships approached, cutting off that route as well. Heavy howitzers (supplied from the Vietnamese, who had captured them from the analytical Americans) pounded the capital's airport, its sole remaining link with the US. Fearing what its ambassador called an uncontrolled solution, 26 the United States sent Lon Nol into exile and essay land art tried to cut a separate deal with Sihanouk if he would break his alliance with the analytical burning CPK. He rejected that offer, perhaps because it was too late. The hated reactionary army - the army that had raped and robbed in the city just as it had in the countryside - collapsed, while the armed forces led by the CPK encircled the cities and closed in. At some 60,000 strong, including several battalions of women, along with many more peasants in local militias, the dissertation revolutionary army was several times smaller than Lon Nol's, but under the analytical essay on barn leadership of the on reduce CPK the justness of its cause had become an irresistible material force. The CPK understood very well that this ran contrary to the policies and experience of every socialist revolution. The expulsion of the population of Phnom Penh is a measure one will not find in any other country's revolution, noted an analytical essay internal CPK document. Foreign Minister Ieng Sary later explained to a foreign correspondent, The Khmer revolution has no precedent. What we are trying to essay land art do has never been done before in history.
32. A PROFITABLE DIVISION. These two categories did not correspond to essay social class. Restaurant. There were very different classes in analytical essay burning the first category, from argumentative, poor and landless peasants to rich peasants (by liberation, most non-peasants had fled the countryside). The second included an analytical essay burning even broader range of classes, from south essay, capitalists and analytical essay feudals, to shopkeepers and intellectuals, to industrial workers and argumentative essay rickshaw drivers.
40 Nor did this classification correspond to any political category, since it threw together people who sympathised with the revolution and those who opposed it. For instance, almost all of Cambodia's Chinese minority (about 430,000), by now located in the cities, were labelled new people, mixing together moneylenders big and essay small, shopkeepers and students. Essay Land Art. Many Sino-Khmer students had been influenced by the Cultural Revolution in China and became radical. (Sihanouk had banned the Cambodia-China Friendship Association, even as he was receiving aid from China.) Speaking Chinese was forbidden. A NEW STATE RELIGION. At the same time, the CPK was also carrying out on barn burning another massive population transfer. Previously, the Lon Nol regime, aptly described as Buddhist fascism, had launched pogroms against ethnic Vietnamese living in Cambodia as part of its holy war against the Vietnamese Thimils (the Sanskrit word for infidels - a term that was meant to restaurant dissertation simultaneously lash out at the Vietnamese for being communist atheists and also incorporate the popular Cambodian scorn for the Vietnamese for having, in essay on barn burning Cambodian eyes, surrendered to Christianity). 300,000 peasant settlers, plantation workers and kite essay other Vietnamese were driven out analytical essay on barn burning amid a squall of racist hysteria whipped up by the US puppet regime, drawing on animosities accumulated in earlier centuries of argumentative, Vietnamese occupation. Analytical Burning. Within five months after the liberation in Cambodia, most of the argumentative essay remaining 150,000 ethnic Vietnamese were also removed to Vietnam. The Democratic Kampuchea government labelled them Vietnamese residents whom Vietnam had secretly infiltrated into Kampuchea and who lived hidden, mixed with the population. 42 Few of the 10,000 who remained (mostly with Khmer spouses and essay families) survived the next few years. Another non-Khmer minority targeted by on reduce reuse and recycling, the DK regime were the essay Chams, a Moslem people numbering several hundred thousand, with their own distinctive customs, who live throughout Cambodia, especially along the rivers.
In addition to fishing, many worked as butchers (a job Buddhists preferred to on save water 2010 leave to them) or small traders. They were considered fierce fighters, and during the war both sides recruited many Cham soldiers. It has been said that they initially supported the Khmer Rouge because of the discrimination they had suffered at the hands of the on barn burning Buddhist governments, but that they turned against essay 123helpme the revolutionaries after 1973 when their language, distinctive dress, religion and religious trappings (such as beards) were banned in the new co-operatives - and then the Lon Nol regime turned around and courted them. Essay Burning. 43 While it may be true that as a particularly traditional and religious group, they tended to oppose the revolution, it is certain that when the new government persecuted them, they resisted violently, sometimes killing CPK cadre, Khmer and Cham alike. Their villages were broken up and forgiveness runner essay they were scattered among the new people in co-operatives. Essay On Barn. There was no attempt to wipe them out as long as they ate pork (a test repeatedly put to them) and on save water 2010 abandoned their customs. But they were forced to accept Khmerisation.
THE PLAN FOR SOCIALISM. Shortly after liberation, the new government declared the old Lon Nol banknotes no longer legal currency. Burning. New bills with an image of the Angkor Wat temples had been printed up, but at the last minute the government decided not to put them into circulation. Forgiveness Kite. Money, they announced, was history in Cambodia. HARVEST OF DISASTER. The harvest at the end of 1975 - truly a battle against the devastation wreaked by the US imperialists - was surprisingly successful.
But by the next year, the results were disastrous. Especially in the Northwest, large numbers of essay, people died from malnutrition and disease, both adults toiling in the fields and youth in the mobile work teams building irrigation projects. South Park Essay. The expanded co-operatives were administered by committees of 30, old people and Party or army cadre. The Party itself was later to report that the new people here were treated cruelly. Ieng Thirith, Democratic Kampuchea's Minister for Social Affairs, made an inspection tour of the zone in mid-1977 on behalf of the CPK centre, of which she was a leading member. Conditions there were very queer. In Battambang [province, not the city], I saw they [the cadre] made all the people go to the rice fields.
The fields were very far from the villages. The people had no homes and they were all very ill. I know the directives of the Prime Minister [Pol Pot] were that no old people, pregnant women, women nursing babies or small children were to work in the fields. But I saw everybody in the open rice fields, in on barn burning the open air and very hot sun, and many were ill with diarrhoea and malaria. 49. SECRET WAR WITHIN THE PARTY.
Who were these hidden enemies? It is more than likely that some existed. There are many examples of the Right within the Chinese Party sabotaging socialist construction by water, applying policies that did not correspond to the requirements of the situation and the sentiments of the masses. In fact, one of the greatest lessons Mao drew from the experience of the Cultural Revolution and of socialist construction in the USSR was that with the development of the socialist revolution, the key battles between the bourgeoisie and burning the proletariat are those fought within the party itself over what policies and line to apply. But the CPK was saying something different.
The problem was not one of line, a line that could be identified, criticised, struggled against and defeated as the party reached a higher unity. Nor does the reference to people who had joined the party during the democratic revolution point to what Mao meant when he warned about bourgeois democrats becoming capitalist roaders, people who joined the party during the period of argumentative essay, New Democratic revolution but who opposed the essay further transformation of society through continuing socialist revolution. Instead, the CPK claimed that these hidden enemies were able to sneak in during that period because of the weaknesses imposed by Vietnamese influence. Essay On Reduce Reuse And Recycling. They owed their continued power to Vietnam because, in the CPK leadership's view, now that money had been abolished and the old property-owning classes had been scattered in analytical on barn burning co-operatives, there was no longer any internal social basis for the emergence of antagonistic classes and thus antagonistic class struggle within Kampuchean society or the Party. 61. A REACTIONARY METHOD. No socialist regime has ever made systematic use of runner essay, torture. It was illegal in essay China, and it should be noted that Mao points this out forcefully just before discussing counter-revolutionaries who have sneaked into the Party. 66 One of many reasons for this is that while the enemy may be able to use torture to park mexican break some revolutionaries so that they commit the reactionary act of informing on analytical on barn their comrades, no torture can ever make a reactionary into restaurant dissertation a revolutionary - and therefore, the question of the analytical essay on barn truth of park essay, what people say under torture, always a big question, is even greater for proletarian revolutionaries. Further, it degrades the burning revolution and creates a climate that impedes the correct and necessary struggle against wrong lines in the party.
The Cambodian experience is proof of this. The question of the differences and contention between the various zones of Democratic Kampuchea (which had developed pretty much autonomously until liberation) is one of the most controversial among Cambodia researchers. There are no documents and not much evidence that would point to clearly contending lines. Essay Land Art. But it is clear that there were major issues at stake. The term paranoid has often been used to describe Pol Pot and the CPK centre on this, but even paranoids, a poet once wrote, have enemies. There were plots; this was a life-and-death struggle around basic questions of the line of the Kampuchean revolution. The problem is not that the CPK imagined all this but that they could not apply a Marxist method to solve it. Not surprisingly, as problems increasingly imperilled the new regime, the CPK leadership increasingly resorted to naked force.
This was not necessarily because they wanted to. Analytical Burning. It was not the path they had set out on, or they never would have gathered and organised the mass support to win victory. They never could have applied greater terror to the masses than the US and its puppets. This theme of the unintendedness of the consequences of their regime has been repeatedly emphasised by surviving Party leaders, even Pol Pot himself. A foreign correspondent described a brief conversation with Pol Pot shortly before his death like this: I told him many people in the city hate him and restaurant think he's responsible for the killings. Analytical Essay. He said he knew how many people died. When he said that, he broke down and cried. South. There were people who he was very close to and he trusted them completely. Then, in the end, they made a mess of everything. 71 Yet they could find no other method.
Negotiations between Cambodia and analytical essay burning Vietnam to achieve a final delineation of argumentative essay 123helpme, their borders had gone on analytical on barn since the two countries were liberated. Vietnam refused to dissertation accept the land border drawn by the French colonialists (despite the fact that when the analytical essay French drew up these borders a century before, they had meant to settle old disputes in Vietnam's favour). This was a violation of the agreement reached with Sihanouk in 1967 and amounted to a state of essay land art, permanent pressure against Cambodia. For its part, Cambodia refused to recognise the French-drawn boundaries in the sea, rivers and water known as the Brevi line (less was at stake in analytical on barn this, although the hope that this territory might harbour oil deposits may have loomed large in a country with apparently no other hydrocarbon resources). Essay. Until 1977, however, the essay situation between the argumentative essay two countries was tense but generally stable, as both sides seemed to be avoiding any decisive diplomatic moves or military action. IV. SOME THEORETICAL QUESTIONS. ON PRIVATE PROPERTY AND EQUALITY. To be provocative, let's recall what Marx and analytical on barn burning Engels wrote in the Communist Manifesto : In a sense, the theory of the Communists may be summed up in the single sentence: Abolition of private property. 76. There are two aspects to what was wrong with their understanding, both inextricably interrelated.
One is a wrong conception of private property and forgiveness kite runner essay its contradictory nature and role in a country like Cambodia - the question of New Democratic revolution. The other is a wrong conception about what it means to negate capitalism through socialism. In both aspects, CPK line and policy was, despite its occasional Marxist terminology, profoundly anti-Marxist. NEW DEMOCRATIC REVOLUTION. In countries of this kind, as the Declaration of RIM succinctly puts it, The target of the revolution. is foreign imperialism and the comprador-bureaucrat bourgeoisie and feudals, which are classes closely linked to and dependent on imperialism. In these countries, the revolution will pass through two stages: a first, new democratic revolution which leads directly to analytical essay on barn burning the second, socialist revolution. The character, target and tasks of the first stage of the revolution enables and requires the proletariat to form a broad united front of all classes and strata that can be won to support the new democratic programme. It must do so, however, on the basis of essay, developing and strengthening the independent forces of the proletariat, including in appropriate conditions its own armed forces and establishing the hegemony of the proletariat among other sections of the revolutionary masses, especially the poor peasants. The cornerstone of essay, this alliance is the worker-peasant alliance and the carrying out of the agrarian revolution (i.e., the dissertation struggle against semi-feudal exploitation in the countryside and/or the fulfilment of the slogan 'land to essay the tiller') occupies a central part of the new democratic programme.
77. China's agricultural co-operatives were one of the basic building blocks of socialism. South Park Mexican Essay. But the formation of high-level agricultural co-operatives (the people's communes) was the culmination of a process that began with the New Democratic revolution. Immediately following the nation-wide seizure of power (and even before, in some liberated areas), the peasants were led to seize the on barn land. Forgiveness Kite. Without that ownership in their hands (of women as well as men), there could be no guarantee that they were really free of feudal bondage. Otherwise, they would have felt that nothing had changed, and in essay on barn burning fact there would have been a tendency for feudal relations to reappear in new forms. As Mao pointed out, the New Democratic revolution had opened the essay water 2010 door to capitalism. But at the same time, it opened the door even wider to socialism. The peasants could see the advantages of pooling their land and labour, and they could also see that the analytical essay polarisation between rich and poor that inevitably accompanies capitalist development in agriculture means that socialism is the only way out for south mexican essay the vast majority.
With little time wasted, they were organised to essay on barn form mutual aid teams and small, lower-level co-operatives in which land was farmed collectively but people received a share of the harvest in proportion to the land, animals and tools they had provided. (This was done extensively in essay the liberated areas of on barn, Cambodia until 1973 and in some places after that, and was very popular with the peasants.) Then, in the mid-1950s, the Chinese Party began to essay land art call on the peasants, with the same principles of analytical essay on barn burning, voluntary co-operation and mutual benefit, to unite further on the basis of these small, semi-socialist co-operatives and organise large agricultural producers' co-operatives which are fully socialist in nature. Essay. [In other words, where people were paid according to their work in production and not according to how much land or capital they had brought in.] These steps make it possible for the peasants to gradually raise their socialist consciousness, through their personal experience and gradually change their mode of life, thus lessening any feeling of an abrupt change. These steps can generally avoid any drop in crop yields during, say, the essay on barn burning first year or two; indeed, they must ensure a year-by-year increase, and this can be done. 80. WHAT IS A SOCIALIST ECONOMY? The CPK was no less wrong about socialism than about New Democracy.
It wrongly held that all public property is essay land art, automatically socialist. Marx identified socialist public property not with state ownership but social ownership. In other words, state ownership, too, can be (and certainly was in pre-liberation Cambodia) a form of private ownership in on barn the Marxist sense, a form in which the essay reuse and recycling surplus produced by the labourers is appropriated by a handful of people for their own interests while the labourer lives merely to increase capital, and is allowed to live only in so far as the interests of the ruling class require. There is another universally significant political lesson to analytical essay burning be drawn from the Cambodian experience. Every country in the world is an enormous ball of contradictions in south which the contradiction between socialised production (represented by the proletariat) and analytical on barn private appropriation (represented by the bourgeoisie) drives and/or intersects with a myriad of on reduce and recycling, others. Essay On Barn. The class that really has nothing to lose is no less a minority in the imperialist countries than in the predominantly peasant ones. Essay On Save Water. And yet by taking the interests and standpoint of the international proletarian revolution, the party has to rely on the poorest in society to unite the broadest number of people possible at any given moment to fight and ultimately overthrow the essay burning source of the ills that plague the vast majority, in that country and in the whole world. This means that the communists must unite with the class feelings of the essay land art most exploited and work to transform them into the liberating outlook of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism. On Barn. Communists everywhere are grappling with this. This brings us back to the question of the party. Restaurant Dissertation. A party whose existence, line, policies and ideology is on barn, secret from the masses can only build a socialism whose secret is that it is capitalism.
As it was, for the people of the world and the Cambodian people alike, the country's liberation was truly a victory wasted. Once the on save 2010 Pol Pot regime was overthrown, the US had no problem supporting its remaining army. In the analytical burning late 1970s and early 1980s, international aid directed by the US helped sustain the thousands of fighters in restaurant dissertation the jungles of the western Cambodian border region and in refugee camps in Thailand. Essay Burning. 97 For a decade, the US and its ever-subservient United Nations recognised the FUNK (the CPK's united front, of which Sihanouk was still the formal head) as the legal government of Cambodia. 1 This is why the US Congress and the Clinton administration appropriated millions of dollars for south mexican essay Cambodian genocide studies at a time when they were slashing research funding in general. One of the essay highest estimates for the number of dead was formulated by Ben Kiernan, a leading scholar in the field who once supported Vietnam and essay land art is now head of the US government-financed Yale University Cambodian Genocide Program. He subtracted certain estimates for the population of Cambodia in 1979 from those for essay its 1975 population and came up with the figure of 1.5 million people dead of starvation, disease and execution during the Democratic Kampuchea government.
But these figures are highly problematic. Those were war years and such figures were not obtained by forgiveness runner, counting heads; further, the pro-US pre-1975 Cambodian government and the pro-Vietnamese post-1979 government had their reasons to exaggerate upward (in the first case) and downward (in the second). Even DK government figures given at various times are mutually inconsistent. Analytical Essay On Barn. Kiernan arbitrarily decided to accept the unsubstantiated (and unpublished) figures of a private researcher. Michael Vickery, who used CIA statistics, put the number of dead of essay land art, all causes at 800,000. See Ben Kiernan, The Pol Pot Regime (Yale University Press, 1996), p. 457; Vickery's claims are also cited and discussed here. In a 1997 interview, CPK leader Ta Mok told the Far Eastern Economic Review (23 October 1997), It is clear that Pol Pot has committed crimes against humanity. I don't agree with the analytical on barn burning American figure that millions died. Essay. But hundreds of thousands, yes. Chandler, The Tragedy of Cambodian History (Yale University Press, 1991), p. 48.
12 Typically, Sihanouk put nationalised US businesses into analytical the hands of his cronies. Cambodia's gold reserves were moved from the US to France and French President de Gaulle invited for an enthusiastic state visit. 34 While principally relying on its own forces, Cambodia received important aid from China during the war and essay water after it as well. (The first shipload of analytical, food supplies from China arrived less than a week after liberation. By mid-September, China offered $1 billion in interest-free economic aid, including a $20 million outright gift - the most aid China ever gave any one country. Statistics from China Quarterly , quoted in Kiernan, PPR , p. 129. 37 Sharpen the Consciousness of the Proletarian Class to park essay Be as Keen and Strong as Possible, Tung Padevat , in Jackson, pp. 271-9. 45 Examine the on barn burning Control, cited in Kiernan, PPR, pp.